Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Ghana
Information received on 29/06/2018 from Dr Kingsley Mickey Aryee, Ag. Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services Directorate, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Accra, Ghana
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 06/06/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 21/06/2018
Report date 29/06/2018
Date submitted to OIE 29/06/2018
Date event resolved 30/07/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 04/11/2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (29/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (17/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (30/07/2018)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 Boankra, Ejisu, Ashanti
Date of start of the outbreak 06/06/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (30/07/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 11000 11000 5431 5569 0
Affected population Cyanotic and enlarged combs and wattles. Conjunctivitis with ocular discharges, reddish shanks, dullness, loss of appetite and deaths
Outbreak 2 Nkawkaw, Kwahu West, Eastern
Date of start of the outbreak 18/06/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (30/07/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2188 2188 504 1639 45
Affected population A total of 2188 birds showed signs of cyanotic combs, wet vent, loss of appetite, and hemorrhagic shanks, followed by death.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 13188 13188 5935 7208 45
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 100.00% 45.00% 45.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments Birds from the outbreak farm in the Ejisu district of Ashanti region were illegally moved ot the farm at Nkawkaw in the Eastern region of Ghana.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Process to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products
  • Slaughter
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Traceability
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Accra Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 21/06/2018 Positive
Accra Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 23/06/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations