Myxomatosis,
Spain
Information received on 09/08/2018 from Dr Valentín Almansa, Director General, Sanidad de la Produccion Agraria, Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, Madrid, Spain
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 20/07/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 04/08/2018
Report date 09/08/2018
Date submitted to OIE 09/08/2018
Reason for notification Unexpected change in the distribution or increase in morbidity or mortality of a listed disease
Summary description
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Myxoma virus
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Andalucía region received a notification about abnormal mortalities in hares (Lepus granatensis) on different hunting grounds of the province of Cordoba: the animals were found on the field in moribund condition, with signs of blindness, weakness and disorientation. The animals had red eyes, presented inflammation of eyelids, conjunctivitis and inflammation of the perianal area, with presence of blood in nasal cavity in some cases and signs of diarrhea in others. Afterwards, six cases have been detected in Castilla-La Mancha.
Increased Distribution
Disease Impact
Increased Province Species Change
Incidence Andalucia Granada hare:Leporidae(Lepus granatensis) 1=>2
Incidence Castilla-La Mancha Granada hare:Leporidae(Lepus granatensis) 1=>2
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Screening
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central veterinary laboratory, Algete (National laboratory) Granada hare polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 04/08/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.