Small hive beetle infestation (Aethina tumida),
Swaziland
Information received on 14/08/2018 from Dr Roland Xolani Dlamini, Director of Veterinary and Livestock Services, Veterinary and Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture , Mbabane, Swaziland
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 02/08/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 13/08/2018
Report date 14/08/2018
Date submitted to OIE 14/08/2018
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Aethina tumida
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (14/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (04/09/2018)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Mkhoqweni, Hhohho
Date of start of the outbreak 02/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Apiary
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Bees (hives) 350 3 0 70 0
Affected population The apiary had two hives located next to each other which were not performing well. The farm has its own honey processing plant and also buys unprocessed honey from other apiaries as well as import from other countries. One more hive was found to be infested. A total of 70 hives including the infested and neighboring ones were destroyed by the owner.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Bees (hives) 350 3 0 70 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Bees (hives) 0.86% 0.00% 0.00% 20.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Beetles suspected to be small hive beetles were observed in the two affected hives. Attempts are being made to confirm infestation and to inspect other apiaries that sell to the affected farm.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations