Foot and mouth disease,
Sierra Leone
Information received on 10/09/2018 from Dr Amadu Tejan Jalloh, Deputy Director - Animal Health, Livestock and Veterinary Services Division, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry , Freetown, Sierra Leone
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 21/08/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 26/08/2018
Report date 10/09/2018
Date submitted to OIE 10/09/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 1958
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Clinical
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 Konika, kolmaka , Kambia , Kambia
Date of start of the outbreak 21/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 5000 1000 30 0 0
Affected population Excessive salivation, sloughing off epithelial tissue in the mouth, ulceration of the tongue, sores in the buccal cavity, loss of appetite, reduction of milk production, inflammation of the coronary band of the feet and death among the young animals.
Outbreak 2 Quidadu, Kono, Kono
Date of start of the outbreak 24/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1000 200 10 0 0
Affected population same description
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 6000 1200 40 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 20.00% 0.67% 3.33% 0.67%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Illegal movement of animals
  • Animals in transit
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
Epidemiological comments porous border, extensive cross border movement.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations