Equine influenza,
Ecuador
Information received on 16/10/2018 from Dr Patricio Ramiro García Villamarín, Director Ejecutivo, Agencia de Regulación y Control Fito y Zoosanitario - AGROCALIDAD, Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería, QUITO, Ecuador
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 10/09/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 17/09/2018
Report date 16/10/2018
Date submitted to OIE 16/10/2018
Date event resolved 23/01/2019
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Equine influenza virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (16/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (23/01/2019)
New outbreaks (10)
Outbreak 1 (5668) SANGOLQUI, SANGOLQUI, RUMIÑAHUI, Pichincha
Date of start of the outbreak 10/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (18/10/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 103 13 0 0 0
Affected population Horses for leisure activities
Outbreak 2 (5681) LA ESPERANZA, LA ESPERANZA, IBARRA, Imbabura
Date of start of the outbreak 11/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (23/10/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 94 9 0 0 0
Outbreak 3 (5683) RUMIÑAHUI, RUMIÑAHUI, RUMIÑAHUI, Pichincha
Date of start of the outbreak 12/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (09/11/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 5 5 0 0 0
Outbreak 4 (5735) LIZARSABURO, LIZARSABURO, RIOBAMBA, Chimborazo
Date of start of the outbreak 15/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (16/11/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 70 58 0 0 0
Outbreak 5 (5767) LUZ DE AMÉRICA, LUZ DE AMÉRICA, SANTO DOMINGO, Santo Domingo De Los Tsachilas
Date of start of the outbreak 21/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (12/11/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 23 7 0 0 0
Outbreak 6 (5790) MACHACHI, MACHACHI, MEJIA, Pichincha
Date of start of the outbreak 24/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (30/10/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 20 3 0 0 0
Outbreak 7 (5577) MACHACHI, MACHACHI, MEJIA, Pichincha
Date of start of the outbreak 24/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (23/10/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 30 3 0 0 0
Outbreak 8 (5781) GUAMANÍ, GUAMANÍ, QUITO, Pichincha
Date of start of the outbreak 24/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (31/10/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 11 5 0 0 0
Outbreak 9 (5792) NANEGAL, NANEGAL, QUITO, Pichincha
Date of start of the outbreak 25/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (31/10/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 4 3 0 0 0
Outbreak 10 (5801) COTOCOLLAO, COTOCOLLAO, QUITO, Pichincha
Date of start of the outbreak 25/09/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 72 5 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 10
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 432 111 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Equidae 25.69% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Following an equestrian event where were concentrated animals dedicated to leisure activities, notifications consistent with respiratory signs were received and allowed to determine, during clinical inspection and via laboratory tests, that it was equine influenza. As a result, holding events in which equines would be concentrated has been prohibited across the whole national territory.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Diagnostic (National laboratory) Equidae competitive ELISA (c-ELISA) 11/09/2018 Positive
Animal Health Diagnostic (National laboratory) Equidae real-time PCR 17/09/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations