Foot and mouth disease,
South Africa
Information received on 29/10/2018 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, Chief Director , Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, PRETORIA, South Africa
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 12/10/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 12/10/2018
Report date 29/10/2018
Date submitted to OIE 29/10/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 08/02/2018
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (FMD_LIM_2018_BUF_001) FMD_LIM_2018_BUF_001, Maruleng, Limpopo
Date of start of the outbreak 12/10/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
African buffalo (Cape buffalo):Syncerus caffer(Bovidae) 107 8 0 0 0
Affected population Within South Africa''s FMD Protection Zone. Does not affect South Africa''s FMD free status. African buffalo tested for movement were positive for FMD on serology.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
African buffalo (Cape buffalo):Syncerus caffer(Bovidae) 107 8 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
African buffalo (Cape buffalo):Syncerus caffer(Bovidae) 7.48% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments Within South Africa's FMD Protection Zone. Does not affect South Africa's FMD free status. Buffalo tested for movement were positive on serology. Serotype could not be determined. Coordinates altered for confidentiality as required by South African legislation.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Agricultural Research Council, Onderstpoort Veterinary Institute, Transboundary Animal Diseases (OIE Reference Laboratory) African buffalo (Cape buffalo) liquid-phase blocking ELISA 12/10/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations