Bluetongue,
Tunisia
Information received on 13/11/2018 from Dr Malek Zrelli, Directeur Général, Direction Générale des Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l'Agriculture, Tunis, Tunisia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 04/10/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 09/11/2018
Report date 12/11/2018
Date submitted to OIE 13/11/2018
Date event resolved 05/12/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 2018
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype 2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (12/11/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (05/12/2018)
New outbreaks (9)
Outbreak 1 Elmamria, Ksouda, Ouled Haffouz, Sidi Bouzid
Date of start of the outbreak 04/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 43 2 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 sidi lefi, Sidi lefi, Ouled haffouz, Sidi Bouzid
Date of start of the outbreak 06/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 45 13 0 0 0
Outbreak 3 El Ogla, El Ogla, Sidi Bouzid Est, Sidi Bouzid
Date of start of the outbreak 07/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (03/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 45 1 0 0 0
Outbreak 4 Elmamria, Ksouda, Ouled Haffouz, Sidi Bouzid
Date of start of the outbreak 08/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 59 4 0 0 0
Outbreak 5 El Amra, El Amra, Sidi Bouzid Est, Sidi Bouzid
Date of start of the outbreak 08/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 30 1 0 0 0
Outbreak 6 El Faiedh, El Faiedh, Sidi Bouzid Est, Sidi Bouzid
Date of start of the outbreak 08/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (02/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 21 1 0 0 0
Outbreak 7 Zeramdine Sud, Zeramdine Sud, Zeramdine, Monastir
Date of start of the outbreak 11/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (03/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 6 1 0 0 0
Outbreak 8 Ouerdanine nord, Ouerdanine nord, Ouerdanine, Monastir
Date of start of the outbreak 16/10/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (03/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 58 32 0 0 0
Outbreak 9 Mzaougha Nord, Mzaougha Nord, Zeramdine, Monastir
Date of start of the outbreak 17/10/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 40 1 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 9
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 347 56 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Sheep 16.14% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Note from the World Animal Health Information and Analysis Department: The initial reason for notification was New strain of a listed disease, but subsequent information showed that this serotype had already been notified in 2000. The reason was therefore changed to Recurrence of a listed disease.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Veterinary Research Institute of Tunis (National laboratory) Sheep real-time PCR 19/10/2018 Positive
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZS), Abruzzi e Molise " Giuseppe Caporale " (OIE Reference Laboratory) Sheep real-time PCR 09/11/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations