Foot and mouth disease,
Tunisia
Information received on 24/12/2018 from Dr Malek Zrelli, Directeur Général, Direction Générale des Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l'Agriculture, Tunis, Tunisia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 15/12/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 21/12/2018
Report date 24/12/2018
Date submitted to OIE 24/12/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 26/05/2017
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (24/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (10/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/01/2019)
New outbreaks (4)
Outbreak 1 El khalsa, El khalsa, Siliana Nord, Siliana
Date of start of the outbreak 15/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (05/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 50 5 0 0 0
Sheep 20 0 0 0 0
Affected population These are unvaccinated young animals born after the end of the vaccination campaign and that belong to horse dealers.
Outbreak 2 Maghdoudch, Maghdoudch, Kasserine Sud, Kasserine
Date of start of the outbreak 15/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (06/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 150 34 14 0 0
Affected population These are unvaccinated young animals born after the end of the vaccination campaign and that belong to horse dealers.
Outbreak 3 Saloul, Saloul, Ain Drahem, Jendouba
Date of start of the outbreak 17/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (06/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 7 7 0 0 0
Affected population These are unvaccinated young animals born after the end of the vaccination campaign and that belong to horse dealers.
Outbreak 4 El makarem, El makarem, Sidi Bouzid Est, Sidi Bouzid
Date of start of the outbreak 19/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (11/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 14 5 1 0 0
Affected population These are unvaccinated young animals born after the end of the vaccination campaign and that belong to horse dealers.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 71 17 1 0 0
Sheep 170 34 14 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 23.94% 1.41% 5.88% 1.41%
Sheep 20.00% 8.24% 41.18% 8.24%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The FMD vaccination campaign for cattle and small ruminants for the year 2018 was completed last September. The vaccine used is a trivalent vaccine with valences of A, O and SAT2 with more than 6 PD50.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Tunisia Veterinary investigaiton Institute (IRVT) (National laboratory) Cattle real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 21/12/2018 Positive
Tunisia Veterinary investigaiton Institute (IRVT) (National laboratory) Sheep typing ELISA 21/12/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations