Foot and mouth disease,
Tunisia
Information received on 10/01/2019 from Dr Malek Zrelli, Directeur Général, Direction Générale des Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l'Agriculture, Tunis, Tunisia
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 15/12/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 21/12/2018
Report date 10/01/2019
Date submitted to OIE 10/01/2019
Date event resolved 07/03/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 26/05/2017
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (24/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (10/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 3 (14/03/2019)
Follow-up report No. 4 (03/05/2019)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 Rouii, Rouii, Ain Drahem, Jendouba
Date of start of the outbreak 27/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (18/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 9 9 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 Khanguet Jazia, Khanguet Jazia, Hassi Elferid, Kasserine
Date of start of the outbreak 31/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (21/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 81 4 0 0 0
Outbreak 3 Chorfa 2, Chorfa 2, Jendouba, Jendouba
Date of start of the outbreak 31/12/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (21/01/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 6 2 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 15 11 0 0 0
Sheep 81 4 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 73.33% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Sheep 4.94% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Launch of the vaccination campaign against foot-and-mouth disease in cattle and small ruminants in 2019 scheduled for 14 January 2019. Samples were sent to the OIE reference laboratory: the laboratory of the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (Anses-LSAn), France.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations