Koi herpesvirus disease,
Iraq
Information received on 16/01/2019 from Dr Salah Fadhil Abbas, Director General, Veterinary Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture , Baghdad, Iraq
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 01/11/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 05/12/2018
Report date 16/01/2019
Date submitted to OIE 16/01/2019
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Koi herpesvirus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
New outbreaks (4)
Outbreak 1 (1) dayala, Diala
Date of start of the outbreak 01/11/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit River system
Water type Fresh water
Population type Farmed
Production system Semi-open
Affected animals
Species Morbidity Mortality Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
carp (carp) 100 % 100 % 1093000 1093000 1093000 0 0
Outbreak 2 (2) babil, Babylon
Date of start of the outbreak 01/11/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit River system
Water type Fresh water
Population type Farmed
Production system Semi-open
Affected animals
Species Morbidity Mortality Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
carp (carp) 100 % 100 % 1093000 1093000 1093000 0 0
Outbreak 3 (3) baghdad, Baghdad
Date of start of the outbreak 01/11/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit River system
Water type Fresh water
Population type Farmed
Production system Semi-open
Affected animals
Species Morbidity Mortality Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
carp (carp) 95 % 95 % 200000 190000 190000 0 10000
Outbreak 4 (4) wasit, Wasit
Date of start of the outbreak 01/11/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (01/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit River system
Water type Fresh water
Population type Farmed
Production system Semi-open
Affected animals
Species Morbidity Mortality Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
carp (carp) 25 % 25 % 5000 1200 1200 0 3800
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
carp (carp) 2391000 2377200 2377200 0 13800
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
carp (carp) 99.42% 99.42% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Mixed infection with Branchimycosis and Aeromonas hydrophila.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside infected and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within infected and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Emergency harvest
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • Treatment of affected animals (varconko)
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS), UK (OIE Reference Laboratory) carp (carp) real-time PCR 05/01/2019 Positive
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Venezie, Italy (Regional Reference Laboratory) carp (carp) real-time PCR 05/12/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations