Foot and mouth disease,
Zambia
Information received on 29/01/2019 from Dr Yona Sinkala, Director, Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Lusaka, Zambia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 17/09/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 21/01/2019
Report date 29/01/2019
Date submitted to OIE 29/01/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 1990
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype A
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 Central Veterinary Camp, Mpulungu, Northern
Date of start of the outbreak 17/09/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2018)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1455 2 0 0 2
Affected population Illegally introduced animals into the area.
Outbreak 2 Mbala Central Veterinary Camp, Mbala District, Northern
Date of start of the outbreak 02/10/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 3348 280 0 0 0
Affected population Illegally introduced animals into the area.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 4803 282 0 0 2
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 5.87% 0.00% 0.00% 0.04%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Introduction of new live animals
  • Illegal movement of animals
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
Epidemiological comments Animals were illegally introduced into the area.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Slaughter
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Pirbright Institute (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle gene sequencing 21/01/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations