Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
Kuwait
Information received on 06/02/2019 from Dr Ali Al-Qattan, Deputy of Director General of Animal Wealth, Animal Wealth, Public Authority of Agriculture Affairs and Fish Resources, Safat, Kuwait
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 24/01/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 31/01/2019
Report date 06/02/2019
Date submitted to OIE 06/02/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 28/12/2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Al Rai Live Bird Market, Al Rai, Farwaniya, Al Farwaniyah
Date of start of the outbreak 24/01/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Livestock market
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2000 3 3 1997 0
Affected population Captive pet birds from different species kept in a pet shop at Al Rai live bird market
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2000 3 3 1997 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 0.15% 0.15% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N8 was detected by the National Veterinary Laboratory of Kuwait. All in-contact birds in the affected live birds market were humanly killed and disposed of with appropriate disinfection procedures. The market was closed and movement restriction implemented, including export trade ban of live birds. There are no commercial poultry farms in a 10-km radius around the affected establishment. Intensive active surveillance is in place for poultry farms, backyards and other bird markets area including migratory birds.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary and Research Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 31/01/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations