Bluetongue,
Egypt
Information received on 11/03/2019 from Dr Mahmoud Mohamed Ali Abdelhakim, Chief Researcher, CVO and Chairman, General Organization for Veterinary Services (GOVS), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Giza, Egypt
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 30/08/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 06/03/2019
Report date 10/03/2019
Date submitted to OIE 11/03/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 1974
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype 4
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Wadi Elnatron, Wadi Elnatron, Al Buhayrah
Date of start of the outbreak 30/08/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (26/11/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 484 70 35 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 484 70 35 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 14.46% 7.23% 50.00% 7.23%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Control of vectors
  • Vector surveillance
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 20/09/2018 Positive
The Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 06/03/2019 Positive
The Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle serotyping 06/03/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations