Equine influenza,
Nigeria
Information received on 12/03/2019 from Dr Olaniran Alabi, Director, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary and Pest Control Services, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, ABUJA, Nigeria
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 8
Date of start of the event 17/12/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 05/01/2019
Report date 12/03/2019
Date submitted to OIE 12/03/2019
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Equine influenza A virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (07/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (16/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 3 (28/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 4 (05/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 5 (15/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 6 (27/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 7 (04/03/2019)
Follow-up report No. 8 (12/03/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Dodoru, Kebbi
Date of start of the outbreak 12/01/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (06/02/2019)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 83 32 1 0 0
Affected population Donkeys kept for domestic and agriculural activities
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 83 32 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Equidae 38.55% 1.20% 3.13% 1.20%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Illegal movement of animals
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Disinfection
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • Treatment of affected animals (Symptomatic treatment with antibiotics )
Measures to be applied
  • Traceability
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Research Institute (Regional Reference Laboratory) Equidae real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) Pending
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations