Foot and mouth disease,
Uganda
Information received on 18/03/2019 from Dr Anna Rose Ademun Okurut, Acting Commissioner, Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Entebbe, Uganda
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 25/01/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 08/03/2019
Report date 18/03/2019
Date submitted to OIE 18/03/2019
Date event resolved 01/04/2019
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype A
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (18/03/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (01/04/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Kaikuku, Kyensande, Kinoni, Nakaseke
Date of start of the outbreak 25/01/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 150000 15 1 0 0
Affected population The affected animals are cattle, local and cross breeds of different sex and age groups under agro pastoral system. The farms are in a cluster, in close contact during grazing and watering at River Kafu that separates three districts of Nakaseke, Masindi and Nakasongola. There are a lot of animal movement in these areas for pastures , water and trade in cattle markets.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 150000 15 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.01% 0.00% 6.67% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Legal movement of animals
  • Illegal movement of animals
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Nakaseke Cattle 20000 trivalent vaccines were used
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle serotyping 08/03/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations