Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
Nepal
Information received on 26/03/2019 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 17/03/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 21/03/2019
Report date 26/03/2019
Date submitted to OIE 26/03/2019
Date event resolved 22/03/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 10/09/2018
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Launchaur, Kathmadnu, Bagmati
Date of start of the outbreak 17/03/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2019)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
House Crow:Corvus splendens(Corvidae) 200 200 0 0
Affected population Crows nested in a bamboo tree area.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
House Crow:Corvus splendens(Corvidae) 200 200 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
House Crow:Corvus splendens(Corvidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments There was a sudden death of a large number of crows in a bamboo tree area of the affected location. Proper cleaning and disinfection of the premises were done with the burial of dead crows. Post-operative surveillance is ongoing.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) House Crow rapid tests 21/03/2019 Positive
Central veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) House Crow reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 21/03/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations