Equine influenza,
Senegal
Information received on 06/04/2019 from Dr Mbargou Lo, Directeur des Services vétérinaires, Direction des Services vétérinaires, Ministère de l'Elevage et des Productions animales, Dakar, Senegal
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 26/03/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 02/04/2019
Report date 06/04/2019
Date submitted to OIE 06/04/2019
Date event resolved 03/06/2019
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Equine influenza virus
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (06/04/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (15/04/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (02/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 3 (24/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 4 (03/06/2019)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 RUFISQUE, Dakar
Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 7756 3 0 0 0
Affected population The disease has been observed in draught horses and donkeys.
Outbreak 2 DIOURBEL, Diourbel
Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 122497 3648 2 0 0
Affected population The disease has been reported in draught horses and donkeys.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 130253 3651 2 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Equidae 2.80% 0.00% 0.05% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
  • Fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.)
  • Airborne spread
Epidemiological comments Equine influenza occurred as a result of strong winds and dust. Stray donkeys are the main animals affected and play a role in spreading the disease as well as the groupings at weekly markets and watering points.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Movement control inside the country
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Livestock and Veterinary Research National Laboratory (National laboratory) Equidae reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 02/04/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations