Brucellosis (Brucella melitensis),
Croatia
Information received on 10/05/2019 from Dr Tatjana Karačić, Assistant Minister, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Zagreb, Croatia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 08/05/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 08/05/2019
Report date 10/05/2019
Date submitted to OIE 10/05/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 22/03/2019
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Brucella melitensis
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (23/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (14/06/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Vrbovci bb, Vrbovci, Metkovic, Dubrovacko-Neretvanska
Date of start of the outbreak 08/05/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 66 3 0 6 0
Goats 144 36 0 144 0
Affected population Suspicion on brucellosis was notified due to information on human case received from the Croatian Regional Public Health Service in Dubrovnik-neretva county. A herd with caprine and bovine animals was declared as suspect and samples were taken from all bovine animals older than 12 months and caprine animals older than 6 months. 45 caprine animals and 6 bovine animals were serologically positive on brucellosis. All positive caprine animals were euthanised. Bacteriological examination confirmed presence of Brucella melitensis in 36 goats. Seropositive bovines and all remaining caprine animals in the flock were euthanised. Samples were taken from seropositive bovine for bacteriological testing. Brucella melitensis is isolated from 3 cattle. Sampling and testing of bovine, ovine and caprine animals kept on holdings situated in 10 km radius around affected holding is on going. Further epidemiological investigation is on-going.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 66 3 0 6 0
Goats 144 36 0 144 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 4.55% 0.00% 0.00% 9.09%
Goats 25.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Selective killing and disposal
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Stamping out
  • Disinfection
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb (National laboratory) Goats bacteriological examination 08/05/2019 Positive
Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb (National laboratory) Goats complement fixation test (CFT) 26/04/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations