Foot and mouth disease,
Libya
Information received on 13/05/2019 from Dr Zakaria Mohamed Mustafa Elkhatal, Director General, National Centre for Animal Health (NCAH), Ministry of Agriculture, Animal & Marine Wealth, Tripoli, Libya
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 25/04/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 03/05/2019
Report date 13/05/2019
Date submitted to OIE 13/05/2019
Date event resolved 12/06/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 30/12/2014
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Clinical
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (13/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (22/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (28/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 3 (12/06/2019)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 Aburweea, Zaweet Almahjoup, Misratah
Date of start of the outbreak 25/04/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (12/06/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 15 12 1 0 0
Outbreak 2 Alnashea, Tajura, Tarabulus
Date of start of the outbreak 05/05/2019
Outbreak status Resolved (28/05/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 32 4 1 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 47 16 2 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 34.04% 4.26% 12.50% 4.26%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Clinical symptoms of foot and mouth disease in dairy cattle in different regions. The samples required for laboratory diagnosis were collected and the laboratory diagnosis was not performed locally because of the absence of diagnostic materials. Samples are being processed and sent to the Brescia reference laboratory in Italy as FTA card.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations