Anthrax,
Lesotho
Information received on 21/05/2019 from Dr Gerard Relebohile Mahloane, Director General of Veterinary Services, Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Maseru, Lesotho
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 12/05/2019
Date of confirmation of the event 18/05/2019
Report date 21/05/2019
Date submitted to OIE 21/05/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 10/05/2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (21/05/2019)
Follow-up report No. 1 (04/06/2019)
Follow-up report No. 2 (07/06/2019)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 Mazenod, Ha-Tseka, Ha-Tseka, Maseru
Date of start of the outbreak 12/05/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 83 21 21 0 0
Outbreak 2 Mazenod, Ha-Teko, Maseru
Date of start of the outbreak 17/05/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 16 2 2 0 0
Outbreak 3 Mazenod, Ha-Au, Maseru
Date of start of the outbreak 18/05/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 7 1 1 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 106 24 24 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 22.64% 22.64% 100.00% 22.64%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Maseru Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle bacteriological examination 18/05/2019 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations