Rabies,
Belgium
Information received on 25/10/2007 from Mr Luc Lengelé, Conseiller Général et Chef des Services Vétérinaires , Service Public Fédéral Santé Publique, Service Politique Sanitaire, Animaux et Végétaux , BRUXELLES, Belgium
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 19/10/2007
Date of confirmation of the event 22/10/2007
Report date 25/10/2007
Date submitted to OIE 25/10/2007
Date event resolved 21/04/2008
Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 1999
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rhabdovirus
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (25/10/2007)
Follow-up report No. 1 (21/04/2008)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Beersel, VLAAMS BRABANT
Date of start of the outbreak 25/10/2007
Outbreak status Resolved (21/04/2008)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Dogs 2 1 0 2 0
Affected population A four-week-old dog imported by air from Morocco on 8 July 2007 by private owners (pet dog). The first clinical signs were observed on 17 October 2007. A veterinary clinic in Brussels took charge of the case on 19 October 2007 and euthanized the animal on 20 October 2007. The body was given to the Pasteur Institute on 20 October 2007 to establish the diagnostics. On 22 October 2007, antigen detection by direct immunofluorescence test showed positive results. On 24 October 2007, virus was isolated on cell culture (neuroblastoma). Moreover, a second dog, which lived in the same family, was also euthanized, as a preventive measure, and tested. The results are not yet known. Epidemiological investigation is ongoing to make certain that no other people or animals are at risk.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Dogs 2 1 0 2 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Dogs 50.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments No other susceptible animals in the owner's family.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Stamping out
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Institut Pasteur (National laboratory) Dogs direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test 22/10/2007 Positive
Institut Pasteur (National laboratory) Dogs pathogen isolation on cell culture 24/10/2007 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations