Rabies,
France
Information received on 19/11/2008 from Dr Monique Eloit, Directrice générale adjointe, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture et de la Pêche, PARIS Cedex 15, France
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 31/10/2008
Date of confirmation of the event 14/11/2008
Report date 17/11/2008
Date submitted to OIE 19/11/2008
Date event resolved 10/05/2009
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 10/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Lyssavirus
Serotype RABV
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (17/11/2008)
Follow-up report No. 1 (18/05/2009)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Saint-André-le-Gaz, Saint-André-le-Gaz, ISÈRE
Date of start of the outbreak 31/10/2008
Outbreak status Resolved (10/05/2009)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 4 1 1 0 0
Cats 2 0 0 0 0
Affected population A dog found in Spain and brought to France in October 2008 showed clinical signs on 31 October 2008, died on 10 November 2008 and was diagnosed rabid on 14 November 2008.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 4 1 1 0 0
Cats 2 0 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Dogs 25.00% 25.00% 100.00% 25.00%
Cats 0.00% 0.00% - 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments During salivary excretion period, from 16 October to 10 November 2008, this dog was held in Saint-André-le-Gaz, Isère. The strain typing shows that it is a Lyssavirus, genotype 1, type Africa 1, from Morocco, very similar to strains circulating in the northern region (Al Hoceima, Taounate, Taza).
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Quarantine
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Stamping out
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Pasteur Institute (National laboratory) Dogs direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test 14/11/2008 Positive
Pasteur Institute (National laboratory) Dogs reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 18/11/2008 Positive
Pasteur Institute (National laboratory) Dogs virus isolation 18/11/2008 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations