Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
United States of America
Information received on 18/11/2015 from Dr John Clifford, Official Delegate, Chief Trade Advisor, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of America
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 34 (Final report)
Date of start of the event 10/12/2014
Date of confirmation of the event 15/12/2014
Report date 18/11/2015
Date submitted to OIE 18/11/2015
Date event resolved 13/11/2015
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 2004
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N2
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (16/12/2014)
Follow-up report No. 1 (07/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (13/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 3 (22/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 4 (03/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 5 (17/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 6 (24/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 7 (06/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 8 (12/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 9 (20/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 10 (31/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 11 (08/04/2015)
Follow-up report No. 12 (15/04/2015)
Follow-up report No. 13 (24/04/2015)
Follow-up report No. 14 (01/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 15 (08/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 16 (20/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 17 (29/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 18 (09/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 19 (17/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 20 (26/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 21 (02/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 22 (22/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 23 (31/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 24 (10/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 25 (17/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 26 (24/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 27 (01/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 28 (08/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 29 (14/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 30 (21/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 31 (07/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 32 (13/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 33 (13/11/2015)
Follow-up report No. 34 (18/11/2015)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments All HPAI H5N2 outbreaks in all affected States (Arkansas, California, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Washington, and Wisconsin) are now final, closed, and resolved. The last positive detection of HPAI H5N2 in poultry was made on June 18, 2015. In addition to having no further HPAI detections, all States affected with HPAI (listed above) have met the following: - Mandatory surveillance in the State and control areas has been completed with negative results for HPAI. As a precaution, additional enhanced surveillance and procedures may continue in the State and area. - Depopulation of all infected premises has been completed and appropriate disposal was completed. - Cleaning and disinfection of the infected premises (including, but not limited to, outside areas, equipment, trucks, and other fomites). - No HPAI detections through wild bird surveillance have been made within the past 3 months. The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), in conjunction with State Departments of Agriculture and Wildlife, and industry, continue to conduct thorough surveillance nationally for avian influenza virus through the National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP), Live Bird Market System, and wild bird surveillance programs, as well as completely investigate any suspected avian influenza virus event. No HPAI has been detected in poultry over 5 months. Each outbreak has been closed after the requested three-month period of stamping out, disinfection and surveillance. The HPAI event in the United States is considered CLOSED. In accordance with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Animal Health Code Chapter 10.4 (Articles 10.4.3 and 10.4.4), the United States has completely fulfilled the necessary actions and surveillance requirements to again self-declare itself free from HPAI.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Stamping out
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.