Foot and mouth disease,
South Africa
Information received on 07/01/2019 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, Chief Director , Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, PRETORIA, South Africa
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 4
Date of start of the event 23/05/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 25/05/2018
Report date 07/01/2019
Date submitted to OIE 07/01/2019
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 08/02/2018
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype SAT 2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (30/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (30/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (19/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 3 (14/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 4 (07/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 5 (14/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 6 (28/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 7 (05/02/2019)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 (FMD_LIM_2018_006) FMD_LIM_2018_006, Collins Chabane, Limpopo
Date of start of the outbreak 07/09/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 800 2 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 (FMD_LIM_2018_007) FMD_LIM_2018_007, Makhado, Limpopo
Date of start of the outbreak 02/01/2019
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 3600 2 0 0 0
Affected population This outbreak spilled over into South Africa''s FMD High Surveillance Area, which is part of South Africa''s FMD Free Zone
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 4400 4 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.09% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments This outbreak spilled over into South Africa's FMD High Surveillance Area, which is part of South Africa's FMD Free Zone
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations