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The OIE Worldwide Monitoring System for Wild Animal Diseases

This interface refers only to wild animal diseases that are not OIE-listed and its contents should not have any impact on international trade of animals and their products.

Although these diseases have not met the OIE’s criteria to be listed, the OIE’s experts of the Working Group on wildlife diseases have selected them to be monitored, both because of their importance for wild animals and also for early warning purposes, in order to protect human and livestock health.

Wildlife diseases may have a serious impact on livestock health and public health and can adversely affect wildlife conservation. Disease surveillance in wildlife must be considered just as important as surveillance in domestic animals.

The OIE was a precursor in recognising the importance of having a good knowledge of the disease situation in wildlife and has been collecting worldwide information on wildlife diseases since 1993.

Since 2008, major improvements have been introduced aimed at collecting quantitative and qualitative data on wild animals from Member Countries. The type of data collected has been brought into line with the data collected as part of the World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS), which has itself been further developed to better address the disease situation in wild animals for OIE-listed diseases.

To improve the efficacy and efficiency of data collection, since 2013 a new section has been added to WAHIS to notify diseases specific for wild animals and to replace the previous Excel questionnaire that the OIE has been using since 1993 to collect data on wildlife diseases. more