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Peste des Petits Ruminants Portal

Distribution and impact

Geographical distribution of PPR

PPR was first reported in 1942 in Ivory Coast.

Since then, the disease has spread far beyond its origin in Western Africa. In the past 15 years, its dissemination has been exponential and PPR is now present in over 70 countries across Asia, Africa, and the Near and Middle East, having reached Europe in 2016 (Georgia).

This has devastating consequences on families, communities and countries.

Map based on the information received through six-monthly reports up to July 2018.

For additional information about the most recent reports please click here.

Controlling PPR to achieve social empowerment

Small ruminants have a huge importance on livelihoods of population in many regions of the world. The benefits and profits accrued from controlling the disease may result in improved productivity, food security, income generation and social empowerment.

Distribution of sheep and goats population

Africa, the Middle East, and Asia - the regions most affected by PPR - host over 80% of the world’s small ruminant population.

These animals are mainly owned by family farmers, who rely on them for obtaining food and other products, such as wool and skin, for income generation. They provide manure for fertilising crops, act as insurance for crop failure and drought, and contribute to food security and nutrition, livelihoods, national economic development and the overall well-being of people.

Sheep and goats therefore play an important role in the livelihoods and food security of poor families and contribute to national economic development.

Women are especially involved in small ruminant rearing, since they make up the majority of those caring for the animals. Their revenue is very important for investment in improved nutrition and child education. Therefore, by improving the small ruminant populations’ disease status, we can empower these women and give their offspring better perspectives for the future.




Eradicating PPR contributes to address global challenges

By fighting diseases such as PPR, veterinary professionals and para-professionals contribute to improve animal health and welfare. But not only… in doing so, they also work towards a better life for our society. The role of Veterinary Services is key to address global challenges. Watch this video and discover how the OIE accompanies their efforts every day.


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Implementing the strategy     PPR-free status     Media resources