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Peste des Petits Ruminants Portal

Implementing the strategy

PPR Global eradication Programme (GEP): 2017-2021

The push for PPR global eradication is framed as a 15-year process running to 2030.

In order to highlight the technical and policy tools needed to lay the foundation for implementing the Global Strategy, the FAO/OIE joint PPR Secretariat has designed a programme which covers the first five-years period.Its elaboration has involved key stakeholders such as technical specialists, regional or national beneficiaries, and decision-makers and its implementation will be coordinated by this joint secretariat.

The GEP is a multi-country, multi-stage process that will decrease epidemiological risk levels and increase prevention and control of PPR, by first reducing its prevalence in the countries currently infected. It will also develop the capacity for non-infected countries to demonstrate the absence of PPR virus, as a basis for official recognition of PPR free status by the OIE.

Planned activities for the next five years will aim at:

  1. Promoting an enabling environment and reinforcing veterinary capacities;
  2. Supporting diagnostic and surveillance systems;
  3. Eradicating PPR;
  4. Coordinating and managing the process at global, regional and national levels.

Regional roadmaps

The transborder nature of PPR requires actions to be harmonised in all countries in the same region.
Therefore, regional coordination is essential for a successful implementation of the Global Strategy.

The affected countries have been groups into 9 regions in which the progress towards eradication of PPR will be assessed in regional roadmap meetings. Regional action plans outline the control and eradication measures to be implemented at national and regional levels.

A first round of meetings on the PPR regional roadmap took place in the nine regions affected and a second round has been initiated, with meetings organised for the following three regions:

  • Central Africa
  • Middle East
  • Economic Cooperation Organization of Central Asia (ECO)
    • These meetings made it possible to have a detailed understanding of the situation in each country and establish a long-term calendar for eradicating the disease and supporting countries in obtaining disease-free status. This regional overview also helps raise awareness among decision-makers and facilitate the mobilisation of resources at national level.

      OIE PPR regional Vaccine Bank

      The PPR vaccine bank mechanism allows high-quality vaccines complying with OIE international standards to be delivered to countries in a timely manner. The rolling mechanism of this vaccine bank ensures that the purchased vaccines are produced upon request, thereby extending the expiry date of vaccines delivered to the country. It also helps limit the multiplication of procurement procedures in countries, and enables economies of scale through the reduction of purchase costs per vaccine. Vaccine bank contracts can also include more sophisticated financial and replenishment mechanisms with possible clauses for direct purchase by beneficiary countries or by international organisations and partners.

      Recognising that PPR can be eradicated and that vaccination is central to the achievement of this much-needed endeavour, in 2012 and in the framework of the Vaccine Standards and Pilot Approach to PPR control in Africa (VSPA) programme financed by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the OIE established a PPR Vaccine Bank for eligible countries in Africa.

      This programme has underlined that the availability of high-quality and OIE compliant PPR vaccines is of paramount importance for implementing effective vaccination campaigns. It also demonstrates the role of an OIE regional Vaccine Bank in facilitating the harmonisation of PPR control methods in Africa.As of June 2016, the OIE has already delivered a total of more than 14 million doses of PPR vaccines to targeted African countries. This includes 4 million doses of PPR vaccines purchased directly by a country from the OIE PPR Vaccine Bank for Africa, and delivered with financial support provided by the World Bank.

      The World Bank is also providing support to the OIE PPR Vaccine Bank for Africa through the Regional Sahel Pastoralism Support Project (PRAPS), a six-year project (2015-2020) which targets six countries in Western and Central Africa. In this context, 72.8 million doses of PPR vaccines have already been ordered though the OIE PPR Vaccine Bank for Africa.

      The OIE is currently strengthening and expanding its PPR Vaccine Bank in order to continue to provide its Member Countries with access to high-quality vaccines at a highly competitive rate in the future. The OIE strengthened its PPR vaccine bank in 2016 by selecting, after an international call for tender, 2 producers to supply high quality vaccines at an extremely competitive price available to the countries.

      Strengthening Veterinary  Services

      The PPR Global Strategy recognises that good quality of Veterinary Services are indispensable for the successful and sustainable implementation of PPR (and other major Transboundary Animal Diseases) prevention and control activities, in addition to their other mandates and activities such as food safety, prevention of antimicrobial resistance or animal welfare.

      Therefore, Veterinary Services capacity must be strengthened as a country moves towards. This in turn will create more cost-effective opportunities to control other priority diseases. This will be attained through appropriate combinations of activities such as vaccinations against other major diseases, epidemiological investigations, diagnostic activities and treatments.

      The OIE PVS Pathway will serve to evaluate Veterinary Services compliance with OIE standards, to identify the cost of the gaps to be addressed for compliance and to address other issues such as veterinary laboratories, relevant legislation and education.




PVS Evaluation Follow-up mission with a PPR Specific Content

In order to assess Nigeria’s specific needs to control PPR, the OIE carried out a PVS Evaluation Follow-up mission with a PPR Specific Content. In this interview, Dr Olaniran Alabi explains how this report guided him and his team to address specific shortcomings in their Veterinary Services with the objective to improve the national PPR control and eradication plan across the country.

Read more

View the full interview on page 31 of the OIE 2019 Activity Report.