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Terrestrial Animal Health Code


Given the COVID-19 pandemic, the OIE 88th General Session, scheduled to take place in May 2020, has been postponed until 2021. As a result of this postponement, no adoption of new or revised OIE International Standards will occur in 2020. Therefore, no edition of the Terrestrial Code will be published this year (2020). The latest version is therefore the 2019 edition.


The OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (the Terrestrial Code) provides standards for the improvement of animal health and welfare and veterinary public health worldwide, including through standards for safe international trade in terrestrial animals (mammals, reptiles, birds and bees) and their products. The health measures in the Terrestrial Code should be used by the Veterinary Authorities of importing and exporting countries to provide for early detection, reporting and control agents that are pathogenic to animals or humans, and to prevent their transfer via international trade in animals and animal products, while avoiding unjustified sanitary barriers to trade.

The standards in the Terrestrial Code have been adopted by the World Assembly of the Delegates which constitutes the organisation’s highest decision-making body.

The following amendments were adopted at the 87th General Session in May 2019 for inclusion in the 28th edition of the Terrestrial Code.

  • Glossary (addition of 'early warning system', deletion of 'early detection system' and amendment of 'sanitary measure');
  • Diseases, infections and infestations listed by the OIE (Article 1.3.3.);
  • Animal health surveillance (Chapter 1.4.);
  • The role of the Veterinary Services in food safety systems (Articles 6.2.3. and 6.2.4.);
  • Introduction to recommendations for animal welfare (Article 7.1.4.);
  • Animal welfare and pig production systems (Articles 7.13.4. and 7.13.15.);
  • Infection with rabies virus (Chapter 8.14.);
  • Infection with Chlamydia abortus (Enzootic abortion of ewes, ovine chlamydiosis) (Article 14.4.1.);
  • Infection with African swine fever virus (Articles 15.1.2., 15.1.3., 15.1.4., 15.1.17., 15.1.23., 15.1.32.).

This edition also includes the following two new chapters:

  • Introduction to recommendations for disease prevention and control of transmissible animal diseases (Chapter 4.1.);
  • Killing of reptiles for their skins, meat and other products (Chapter 7.14.).

The Terrestrial Code includes a User’s Guide which is designed to help Competent Authorities and other interested parties use the Terrestrial Code.

The development of these standards and recommendations is the result of the work of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Standards Commission. For more information please refer:

The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) recognises the OIE as the international standard setting organisation for animal health and zoonotic diseases and specifically encourages the Members of the WTO to base their sanitary measures on international standards, guidelines and recommendations, where they exist.

The Terrestrial Code is published annually in paper form in the three official OIE languages (English, French and Spanish), and in Russian. The contents of the 2019 version of the Terrestrial Code can be consulted in Web format.


OIE International Standards: The key to better animal health and welfare

Terrestrial Code
28th Edition, 2019
29.7 x 21 cm
ISBN of volume I: 978-92-95108-85-1
ISBN of volume II: 978-92-95108-86-8


Price: 100 euros
Ref.: A 249
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