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The PVS Gap Analysis Tool

The two cornerstones of the PVS Gap Analysis Tool are (i) the Critical Competency Cards used to organise and faciltate the discussion on Country priorities on the basis of the outcome of the PVS Evaluation of the Veterinary Sevices of the country (Country PVS Evaluation Report, using the OIE PVS Evaluation Tool), and (ii) the Cost Estimation Cards (regrouped under the 5 pillars of the PVS Gap Analysis, see below) used to facilitate the interim calculations for the preparation of an indicative annual budget and one exceptional budget (for exceptional investments), when relevant, consolidated to propose an indicative 5 year budget for the Veterinary Services of the country.

The “Critical Competency Cards” are Word documents to be annexed to the PVS Gap Analysis report. The “Cost Estimation Cards” are Excel documents used for the preparation of the 5 year budget contained in the PVS Gap Analysis report, they will also be copied and inserted into the PVS Gap Analysis report once completed.

In the Excel file “Budget”, the “Cost Estimation Cards” follow a different order to that of the 4 Fundamental Components of the OIE PVS Tool; they are organized according to the 5 pillars of the PVS Gap Analysis Tool.

The general organisation of a PVS Gap Analysis Tool is based on 5 pillars. These 5 pillars regroup the relevant PVS Critical Competencies by topics, in a specific logical order for discussion with the country during a PVS Gap Analysis mission and for the preparation of the PVS Gap Analysis report as follows (in this order): 

  • Trade (TRADE) imposes some constraints on the Veterinary Services that are sometimes beyond animal health and veterinary public health national concern. In the context of this tool, it does not mean that “Trade” is the most important chapter. This simply means that the trade priorities will have an impact on animal health and veterinary public health priorities later in the discussion. This is the reason why relevant PVS Critical Competencies are examined first in the context of the PVS Gap Analysis Tool. One should not forget that trade includes exports as a market force, but also imports as a possible market threat.
  • Animal Health (AH) is the universally recognized core mission of any Veterinary Services. Once trade constraints are known, the experts can analyze the animal disease constraints. In less developed countries, it is usually the main activity of the Veterinary Services. The primary issue involves sustaining an accessible veterinary sanitary network, which conforms to OIE international standards and is capable of implementing relevant animal health activities.
  • Veterinary Public Health (VPH) includes, in the framework of this tool, food safety, veterinary medicines and biologicals, and residues. Zoonosis will be treated either under animal health or under veterinary public health depending on the activities implemented and on the organisation of the services of the country concerned. VPH is a very important and complex chapter. It concerns the natural development of the Veterinary Services after animal health
  • Veterinary Laboratories’ (LAB) requirements are dependent on the trade, animal health and veterinary public health priorities. There is a need to assess the related demand according to these priorities
  • Management and Regulatory Services of the Veterinary Services (MVS) is subdivided into two main parts.

- The first one is related to the general organisation of the Veterinary Services, which includes coordination (at central and other levels), technical independence (important to explain the level of revenues), veterinary practice regulation and the official delegation.

- The second part is related to all cross-cutting issues that are not veterinary activities per se: initial training, continuing education, management of operation and resources, communication, consultation, official representation, joint programs and legislation.