PVS Pathway

About the Programme

The OIE mission is to improve animal health and welfare worldwide; national Veterinary Services provide the basis of global capacity to achieve this mission. Recognising this, the OIE has developed international Standards on both the quality of Veterinary Services’ provision, as well as technical animal health and veterinary public health management. Two Chapters of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (the Terrestrial Code) are dedicated to the Quality of Veterinary Services.

Based on these principles and standards, the OIE has developed the Performance of Veterinary Services (PVS) Pathway, the OIE’s flagship capacity building platform for the sustainable improvement of national Veterinary Services. The PVS Pathway empowers national Veterinary Services by providing them with a comprehensive understanding of their strengths and weaknesses using a globally consistent methodology based on international standards – a useful external perspective that can reveal gaps, inefficiencies and opportunities for innovation.
This enables countries to take ownership and prioritise improvements to their animal health system.

Some key characteristics of the PVS Pathway:

  • a broad-based systems approach,
  • a voluntary, country driven process,
  • a longer term strategic focus (5-10 years),
  • a participatory, supportive and collaborative process, rather than being directive or presenting a risk to countries.

PVS Pathway Cycle and Toolkit

Cyclical in nature, the PVS Pathway provides a robust mechanism for the continuous improvement of national Veterinary Services,  through a staged approach using a set of proven tools and methods to evaluate, plan, cost and support the strengthening of national Veterinary Services.

The four stages of the PVS Pathway are:

  1. Orientation
  2. Evaluation
  3. Planning
  4. Targeted Support

These stages, and the options for member Country engagement within each of them, are presented in the diagram below:

 More detailed information on the four stages and the options within each can be consulted on the left menu.

The PVS Tool

The PVS Pathway activities are based on the basic methodology of the OIE PVS Tool, as the basis for evaluating performance against the international standards published in the Terrestrial Animal Health Code. The PVS Tool describes 45 Critical Competencies of Veterinary Services, categorised into four Fundamental Components:

  • I. Human, Physical and Financial Resources,
  • II. Technical Authority and Capability,
  • III. Interaction with Stakeholders
  • IV. Access to Markets.
  • A link to the PVS Tools is provided:
OIE PVS ToolOIE PVS Tool : Aquatic
OIE PVS Tool: Aquatic 2021

Only OIE trained and certified PVS experts can carry out OIE PVS Pathway missions. All experts use standard tools and Experts’ Manuals, prepared and published by the OIE Headquarters.

History and Evolution

The PVS Pathway has proven an unmitigated success since its launch in 2007 and the numbers testify to this, with currently 140 countries actively engaged.During 2006-2010, the OIE progressively developed the OIE PVS Pathway, from the PVS Evaluation alone, followed by the PVS Gap Analysis, to a comprehensive, staged approach providing a series of sequential capacity-building activities for the systematic strengthening of Veterinary Services.
In 2013, a similar tool was developed for the evaluation of Aquatic Animal Health Services.
During 2017, marking the ten-year anniversary of the PVS Pathway, the OIE convened a PVS Pathway Think Tank Forum involving numerous stakeholders to confirm its successes, take stock of lessons learned and set directions for the future. The Forum affirmed the relevance of the PVS Pathway and existing activities and identified new activities to ensure that countries are more continually engaged in this process, can tailor their engagement based on governance and technical needs, and can more equally benefit from its outputs.

The main recommendations of the PVS Think Tank Forum were summarised in the following Think Tank Forum infographic or “placemat”

Click on the image to see the infographic in full screen mode

Since then, the concepts derived from the PVS Think Tank Forum have been realized as newer PVS Pathway engagement options, designed to increase country ownership, positive impact and sustainable change.

They include: PVS Orientation Training, PVS Self- Evaluation, PVS specific content, PVS strategic planning support and PVS/IHR National Bridging Workshops , all of which are described in their staged format within the next section.