For further information, consult:the WHO Fact Sheet on Rabies
The OIE develops science-based standards and guidelines to control the disease in animals and prevent its spread.
They have helped certain countries to eradicate the disease, thanks to the implementation of stringent sanitary measures. In other countries, rabies remains present in dogs and/or in wild animals (e.g. bats).
For further information on the distribution of animal rabies in the world, consult:the OIE World Animal Health Information System
A very marked drop in the number of human rabies cases could be obtained through the elimination of canine rabies. To that end, mass dog vaccination campaigns are required, associated with information campaigns aimed at local populations and improved access to human health care (vaccines and anti-rabies sera).
Effective control of stray dog populations and responsible behaviour on the part of dog owners should be promoted in order to decrease the number of human cases.
For further information, consult:The OIE Terrestrial Animal Health CodeThe Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals
In most cases, rabies is transmitted to humans via bites by infected dogs. The control and eradication of rabies in humans and domestic animals requires tackling the disease at its animal source, in dogs.
That is why the tripartite alliance between the World Health Organisation (WHO), the OIE and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) considers the elimination of canine rabies to be a world public good, and has made the eradication of rabies one of its three priorities.
In 2018, a global strategic plan to end human deaths from dog-mediated rabies by 2030 was launched by the United Against Rabies Collaboration, which involves four partners: the OIE, WHO, FAO and the Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC).
For further information on the Blueprint initiative, visit :the GARC's dedicated website
For further information, visit:the Global Alliance for Rabies Control's dedicated web page