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While the development of sanitary standards is a central mission of the OIE, the Organisation must also look at how they are implemented.

In May 2018, the World Assembly of OIE Delegates adopted the Resolution No. 36 recommending the establishment of an Observatory on the implementation of OIE Standards by Member Countries.

Monitoring, identifying and analysing difficulties faced by Member Countries will enable the OIE to ensure a more effective implementation of its standards. This Observatory will assist the OIE to ensure that its standards are continuously relevant and fit for purpose and to develop a more strategic focus to its capacity building activities.

At the 86th General Session, the Technical Item confirmed that the OIE Delegates play a key role in ensuring implementation of OIE standards.

The Resolution No. 36 endorsed the conclusions emerging from the Technical Item “Implementation of OIE standards by OIE Member countries: state of play and specific capacity building needs”. The technical item for the 86th General Session was the result of the analysis of the responses to a questionnaire sent to all 181 Delegates, of whom 80% responded. This high engagement of Member Countries in replying to the OIE call shows the degree of importance OIE International Standards hold for its Members.The questionnaire was designed to provide an overview of how Members take into account OIE standards in the national legislation and to identify challenges in this respect.

The conclusions of this report confirm that the OIE Delegates play a key role in ensuring implementation of OIE standards through promoting:

  • Participation in OIE capacity building activities, in particular by requesting PVS Pathway missions;
  •  Good governance based on the quality of Veterinary Services (Section 3 of Terrestrial Code) and of Aquatic Animal Health Services (Section 3 of Aquatic Code);


Read the full report: "Implementation of OIE Standards by OIE Member Countries: State of Play and Specific Capacity Building Needs

Read the press release: "OIE International Standards implementation, a path to more efficient national animal health systems

See videos: "What are OIE International Standards?”


The Resolution No. 36 is the first major milestone of the Observatory project

The Observatory is intended to serve as a tool to monitor progress and constraints faced by Members in the implementation of the OIE standards.

Through the Observatory, the OIE will be better able to determine the effectiveness and practicability of its standards in order to propose solutions to Member Countries. The expected outcomes would be more effective implementation of OIE standards and to assist the OIE to develop a more strategic focus to its capacity building activities.

The project for the establishment of the Observatory follows a phased-approach:

  • The first phase aimed to understand the problem and advocate to Member Countries the need for a new mechanism of monitoring and evaluation (2017-2018). This first phase was achieved through the adoption by the World Assembly of OIE Delegates of the  Resolution No. 36 at the 86th General Session, May 2018.

  • The second phase aims to define the design of the Observatory (2018-2019). To achieve this purpose, the OIE collaborates with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). As part of its expertise in international regulatory cooperation   and in the context of the Partnership of International Organisations for effective international rule-making, the OECD will carry out an analysis of the concept of “implementation” of OIE standards and a review of the existing mechanisms supporting the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of OIE standards. Based on this, the OECD will provide the OIE with recommendations and scenarios for the design of the Observatory.

  • The third phase of the project will be the assessment of each scenario, the selection of the target scenario and the preparation of a roadmap to build the Observatory (2019-2020). This will complete the design phase, which will be followed by the implementation phase with the deployment of the roadmap (2020 and beyond).

    The OIE Observatory project: How to transform an idea into an operational reality.

Governance of the Observatory project

 A specific governance for the Observatory project has been established. The Council of the OIE makes strategic decisions while a Reference Group provides technical advice to support the project. The Reference Group was formally launched in January 2019 and is composed of experts from Member Countries (Canada, China, Chile, New Zealand, South Africa, Tunisia), Regional Economic Communities (European Commission, Eurasian Economic Commission, Gulf Cooperation Council) and relevant international organisations (Codex Alimentarius, IPPC, FAO, OECD, STDF and WTO).


The G20 Agriculture Ministers support the OIE Observatory

The OIE Observatory is expected to contribute to the progressive international harmonisation of national sanitary rules applied to international trade. This will result in benefits to governments, private sector and civil society and in this way to increase trust in the multilateral trade system.

Read the press release: "G20 Agriculture Ministers support the implementation of OIE Standards to achieve a sustainable food future

Read the Declaration: G20 Agriculture Ministers' declaration

Further information on the Observatory project: