World Organisation for Animal Health

Font size:

Language :

Search:

Advanced search

Home > Standard Setting > Overview > OIE Observatory

 

OIE OBSERVATORY

For a better understanding of the implementation of OIE International Standards

 

 


The OIE develops International Standards for animal health and welfare based on the latest scientific information. While their development is a central mission of the OIE, the Organisation must also look at how they are used by Members.

Monitoring their implementation will enable the OIE to identify and analyse the difficulties faced by OIE Members and better support them.

The OIE Observatory aims to ensure that the Standards developed are relevant and fit for purpose and to adapt capacity building activities to Members’ needs.

:

What are OIE International Standards?

 

 

 An initiative supported by the G20 Agriculture Ministers

The OIE Observatory is expected to contribute to the progressive international harmonisation of national sanitary rules applied to international trade. This will result in benefits to governments, the private sector and civil society and in this way increase trust in the multilateral trade system.


Press release


G20 Agriculture Ministers' declaration

 

 Making sense of evidence to address Members’ specific needs

 

The OIE Observatory provides a continuous and systematic mechanism to collect information and analyse the practices of Members’ in implementing OIE International Standards.

This mechanism aims to create a better understanding of how these Standards are implemented, the different global trends and common challenges faced by OIE Members.



Towards the Observatory of OIE Standards

 

 

Expected benefits for OIE Members

The OIE will be able to support its Members by providing:

  • Tailored capacity building activities for identified needs and by sharing successful practices; and


  • Improved accessibility and visibility of data for the use by both OIE Members and other stakeholders.


The data collected will provide a solid basis to contribute to the dialogue amongst Members, particularly in the area of international trade.


Read the interview of the Vice-Minister of Agriculture of Kazakhstan:
The OIE Observatory will facilitate trade negotiations
on page 19 of the OIE 2019 Activity Report


(clic on the image to download the brochure)

The information collected will also guide the OIE standard setting-process.

Two types of reports will be produced:


  • Implementation review reports: issued on an annual basis, will provide a high-level summary regarding the implementation of OIE Standards.


  • Thematic analysis: published on a pluriannual basis, will provide a more comprehensive and focused analysis on priority topics.



A progressive approach: launch of a pilot phase in 2020

 

Given the complex nature of the project, a gradual approach has been developed starting with the launch of a pilot phase.
Its objective is to test different aspects of the development of the OIE Observatory, such as the methodological approach, data collection and data analysis.

This phase focuses on the implementation of specific OIE Standards that benefit from quality data coverage through existing mechanisms either within the OIE (PVS Pathway, OIE-WAHIS, OIE Official disease status, Self-declarations) or within other international organisations.

                                                    

 In 2020, the Technical Item on “Required competencies of Veterinary Services in the context of international trade: opportunities and challenges” served as the first prototype for the pilot phase of the OIE Observatory.                                                                                                                                                                               

I



Available here




 Presentation on the OIE Observatory at the 29th Conference of the OIE Regional Commission for Europe.

Steps towards an operational OIE Observatory

The design: a phased approach 


  • Phase I (2017 – 2018)

Objective: to recognise the need for a mechanism to monitor the implementation of OIE Standards.

 

This was achieved through the adoption of Resolution No. 36 by the World Assembly of Delegates at the 86th General Session in May 2018, recommending the development of “an OIE Observatory to monitor the implementation of its international standards, to increase transparency and to identify constraints and difficulties faced by Member Countries”.


Technical Item of the 86th OIE General Session

Implementation of OIE Standards by OIE Member Countries: State of Play and Specific Capacity Building Needs

  • Phase II (2018 – 2019)



Objective: to explore potential solutions for the design of the OIE Observatory.

In July 2018, the OIE collaborated with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to benefit from its analytical expertise. The OECD carried out a study that provided an analysis of key features of OIE Standards, as well as a review of the existing sources of information in relation to their implementation. The OECD’s final report was published in February 2020.

Outcomes:

Based on the recommendations of this report, the key features of the OIE Observatory, namely the objectives, key outputs, the scope and the selection of the standards for the pilot phase were endorsed by the OIE Council in September 2019.

 

 

  • Phase III (2019 – early 2020)


Objective: to prepare the roadmap and make the OIE Observatory operational (including data management aspects, human resources and budget).




The OIE Observatory project:

How to transform an idea into an operational reality.

 

 

The implementation

After the design steps, the implementation phase was initiated with the deployment of the roadmap in 2020 and beyond, starting with the pilot phase.

 

 

Governance


A specific governance for the OIE Observatory project was established during the design phase.



The Reference Group is composed of experts from:

  • OIE Members: Canada, Chile, China, New Zealand, South Africa, Tunisia.

 

  • Regional Economic Communities: Eurasian Economic Commission, European Commission, Gulf Cooperation Council; and

 

  • International Organisations: Codex Alimentarius, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Standards and Trade Development Facility (STDF) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).

 

 

OIE OBSERVATORY

STRENGTHENING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF OIE INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS


While the development of sanitary standards is a central mission of the OIE, the Organisation must also look at how they are implemented.

In May 2018, the World Assembly of OIE Delegates adopted the Resolution No. 36 recommending the establishment of an Observatory on the implementation of OIE Standards by Member Countries.

Monitoring, identifying and analysing difficulties faced by Member Countries will enable the OIE to ensure a more effective implementation of its standards. This Observatory will assist the OIE to ensure that its standards are continuously relevant and fit for purpose and to develop a more strategic focus to its capacity building activities.


At the 86th General Session, the Technical Item confirmed that the OIE Delegates play a key role in ensuring implementation of OIE standards.

 
The Resolution No. 36 endorsed the conclusions emerging from the Technical Item “Implementation of OIE standards by OIE Member countries: state of play and specific capacity building needs”. The technical item for the 86th General Session was the result of the analysis of the responses to a questionnaire sent to all 181 Delegates, of whom 80% responded. This high engagement of Member Countries in replying to the OIE call shows the degree of importance OIE International Standards hold for its Members.The questionnaire was designed to provide an overview of how Members take into account OIE standards in the national legislation and to identify challenges in this respect.


The conclusions of this report confirm that the OIE Delegates play a key role in ensuring implementation of OIE standards through promoting:

  • Participation in OIE capacity building activities, in particular by requesting PVS Pathway missions;
  •  Good governance based on the quality of Veterinary Services (Section 3 of Terrestrial Code) and of Aquatic Animal Health Services (Section 3 of Aquatic Code);

 

Read the full report: "Implementation of OIE Standards by OIE Member Countries: State of Play and Specific Capacity Building Needs

Read the press release: "OIE International Standards implementation, a path to more efficient national animal health systems

See videos: "What are OIE International Standards?”

 

The Resolution No. 36 is the first major milestone of the Observatory project


The Observatory is intended to serve as a tool to monitor progress and constraints faced by Members in the implementation of the OIE standards.

Through the Observatory, the OIE will be better able to determine the effectiveness and practicability of its standards in order to propose solutions to Member Countries. The expected outcomes would be more effective implementation of OIE standards and to assist the OIE to develop a more strategic focus to its capacity building activities.

The design of the OIE Observatory is about to completed and has followed a phased approach:

  • The first phase (2017 – 2018) which aimed to recognise the need for a mechanism to monitor the implementation of OIE standards, was achieved through the adoption of Resolution No. 36 by the World Assembly of Delegates at the 86th General Session in May 2018. Resolution No. 36 recommended that the OIE “develop an OIE Observatory to monitor the implementation of its international standards, to increase transparency and to identify constraints and difficulties faced by Member Countries”.

  •  The second phase (2018 – 2019) aimed to explore potential solutions for the design of the OIE Observatory. To achieve this purpose, the OIE entered into a collaboration with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), in July 2018, to gain analytical support. Given its expertise in international regulatory cooperation, the OECD carried out a study providing an analysis of key features of OIE standards, as well as a review of the existing sources of information in relation to their implementation.

The OECD submitted to the OIE in September 2019 the draft report including recommendations for the design of the OIE Observatory. The OECD final report will be published in February 2020.

Based on the OECD recommendations, the OIE defined the key features of the OIE Observatory, namely the objectives, the key outputs, the scope and the standards for a pilot phase.

  • The third phase (2019 – early 2020) aims to prepare the roadmap to make the OIE Observatory operational.

    After the design phase, the implementation phase will begin with the deployment of the roadmap (2020 and beyond).


The OIE Observatory project: How to transform an idea into an operational reality.

OECD Study on the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Observatory: Strengthening the Implementation of International Standards

Governance of the Observatory project

 A specific governance for the Observatory project has been established. The Council of the OIE makes strategic decisions while a Reference Group provides technical advice to support the project. The Reference Group was formally launched in January 2019 and is composed of experts from Member Countries (Canada, China, Chile, New Zealand, South Africa, Tunisia), Regional Economic Communities (European Commission, Eurasian Economic Commission, Gulf Cooperation Council) and relevant international organisations (Codex Alimentarius, IPPC, FAO, OECD, STDF and WTO).

 

The G20 Agriculture Ministers support the OIE Observatory


The OIE Observatory is expected to contribute to the progressive international harmonisation of national sanitary rules applied to international trade. This will result in benefits to governments, private sector and civil society and in this way to increase trust in the multilateral trade system.

Read the press release: "G20 Agriculture Ministers support the implementation of OIE Standards to achieve a sustainable food future

Read the Declaration: G20 Agriculture Ministers' declaration


Further information on the Observatory project: standards.dept@oie.int

 

Top