Foot and mouth disease,
Information received on 08/04/2020 from Dr Patrick Chikungwa, Director of Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development, Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation an Water Development, LILONGWE, Malawi
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 06/02/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 16/03/2020
Report date 08/04/2020
Date submitted to OIE 08/04/2020
Date event resolved 20/07/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 05/01/2019
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (08/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (18/04/2020)
Follow-up report No. 2 (15/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 3 (20/07/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Dembo 2, Traditional Authority Ganya, Ntcheu, Central
Date of start of the outbreak 06/02/2020
Outbreak status Resolved (20/07/2020)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1019 7 1 0 0
Affected population The farmer has 18 cattle and he sometime buy animals for sale at a nearby market. Grazing and watering points are at a distance of 3km where animals meet. The 1019 susceptible animals are in the immediate 3km radius and the 18 animals are included.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1019 7 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.69% 0.10% 14.29% 0.10%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Introduction of new live animals
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments This is a previously infected zone (District) and this geographical part was not part of the vaccinated area (start of event 24/05 2018 with start of one outbreak 03/06/2018 in that district and close of the event 05/01/2019).
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Ntcheu Cattle 2321
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle ELISA 3ABC 16/03/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations