African swine fever,
India
Information received on 21/05/2020 from Dr Atul Chaturvedi, Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, New Delhi, India
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 26/01/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 18/05/2020
Report date 19/05/2020
Date submitted to OIE 21/05/2020
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent African swine fever virus
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (11)
Outbreak 1 Bamin, Bilat, East Siang, Arunachal Pradesh
Date of start of the outbreak 26/01/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 653 123 67 0 0
Outbreak 2 Pasighat Town, Pasighat, East Siang, Arunachal Pradesh
Date of start of the outbreak 26/01/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 1551 165 101 0 0
Outbreak 3 Huchang, Damsite, Naharlagun, Papum Pare, Arunachal Pradesh
Date of start of the outbreak 26/01/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 419 156 103 0 0
Outbreak 4 Pipolguri, Sissiborgaon, Dhemaji, Assam
Date of start of the outbreak 24/02/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 2450 1897 1803 0 0
Outbreak 5 Kotiyori, Demow, Sivasagar, Assam
Date of start of the outbreak 07/03/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 289 163 117 0 0
Outbreak 6 Bor-Tamuli-II, Pub-Chaiduar, Biswanath, Assam
Date of start of the outbreak 20/03/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 689 317 283 0 0
Outbreak 7 Khelowa, Sivasagar, Sivasagar, Assam
Date of start of the outbreak 23/03/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 731 326 298 0 0
Outbreak 8 Gorchuk, Ward No.7, Kamrup Metro, Assam
Date of start of the outbreak 02/04/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 153 22 22 0 0
Outbreak 9 Nitai-pukhuri, Demow, Sivasagar, Assam
Date of start of the outbreak 02/04/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 642 62 45 0 0
Outbreak 10 Bormukoli, Dergaon, Jorhat, Assam
Date of start of the outbreak 10/04/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 2580 956 853 0 0
Outbreak 11 D-Sector, Nirjuli, Doimukh, Papum Pare, Arunachal Pradesh
Date of start of the outbreak 23/04/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 763 12 9 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 11
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 10920 4199 3701 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Swine 38.45% 33.89% 88.14% 33.89%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Culling of all susceptible pigs in the one-km-radius of the epicenter under progress. The information will be submitted in the follow-up report. The virus belongs to the genotype II.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Disinfection
  • Control of vectors
  • Vector surveillance
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) (National laboratory) Swine virus isolation 18/05/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations