African horse sickness,
Swaziland
Information received on 28/05/2020 from Dr Roland Xolani Dlamini, Director of Veterinary and Livestock Services, Veterinary and Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture , Mbabane, Swaziland
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 08/05/2020
Date of confirmation of the event 18/05/2020
Report date 28/05/2020
Date submitted to OIE 28/05/2020
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 20/11/2019
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent African horse sickness virus
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (28/05/2020)
Follow-up report No. 1 (08/10/2020)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Nelson, Hhohho
Date of start of the outbreak 08/05/2020
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 28 3 0 0 0
Affected population It is a stable with a population of different breeds of horses. The horses are of different ages and sexes. They are free-range but stabled between 15h and 9h30 in the morning. The stables are sprayed every night with an insect repellent and there are mosquito nets. The horses are dipped once every week with flumethrin. There is a routine African horse sickness vaccination program and were last vaccinated in October 2019 with a live attenuated vaccine which protects against serotypes 2, 6, 7 and 8.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 28 3 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Equidae 10.71% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Vectors
Epidemiological comments Note from the World Animal Health Information and Analysis Department: Swaziland has officially been renamed The Kingdom of Eswatini. However, due to technical constraints, country names cannot be modified in the current WAHIS without altering the integrity of historical data. Thus, the former name Swaziland will be kept until the new version of WAHIS is launched.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Quarantine
  • Control of vectors
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Ondersterpoort Veterinary Institute (OIE Reference Laboratory) Equidae reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 18/05/2020 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations