Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Nepal
Information received on 14/10/2012 from Dr Nar Bahadur Rajwar, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Department of Livestock Services, Lalitpur, Nepal
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 27/08/2012
Date of confirmation of the event 03/09/2012
Report date 14/10/2012
Date submitted to OIE 14/10/2012
Date event resolved 10/10/2013
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 30/03/2012
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (14/10/2012)
Follow-up report No. 1 (02/11/2012)
Follow-up report No. 2 (24/12/2012)
Follow-up report No. 3 (06/01/2013)
Follow-up report No. 4 (18/01/2013)
Follow-up report No. 5 (21/01/2013)
Follow-up report No. 6 (15/02/2013)
Follow-up report No. 7 (11/04/2013)
Follow-up report No. 8 (26/05/2013)
Follow-up report No. 9 (30/06/2013)
Follow-up report No. 10 (09/09/2013)
Follow-up report No. 11 (11/09/2013)
Follow-up report No. 12 (21/09/2013)
Follow-up report No. 13 (12/11/2013)
Follow-up report No. 14 (03/01/2014)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Sanepa-2, Sanchal, Lalitpur, Bagmati
Date of start of the outbreak 27/08/2012
Outbreak status Resolved (04/10/2012)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2500 2500 2500 0 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm rearing dual purpose breed of different age group.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2500 2500 2500 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Stamping out followed by cleaning, disinfection, disposal and sealing of the infected premises has been completed. Post-operative surveillance activities are being intensively carried out throughout the country.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Dipping / Spraying for control of vectors or parasites
  • Quarantine
  • Stamping out
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 03/09/2012 Positive
Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Australia (OIE Reference Laboratory) Birds haemagglutination inhibition test (HIT) 21/09/2012 Positive
Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Australia (OIE Reference Laboratory) Birds polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 21/09/2012 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations