Equine influenza,
Turkey
Information received on 05/08/2013 from Dr Pakdil Nihat, Deputy Undersecretary, Tarim ve Koyisleri Bakanhg Kampusu , Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs , Ankara, Turkey
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 11/07/2013
Date of confirmation of the event 19/07/2013
Report date 05/08/2013
Date submitted to OIE 05/08/2013
Date event resolved 24/08/2013
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Equine influenza virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (05/08/2013)
Follow-up report No. 1 (15/08/2013)
Follow-up report No. 2 (03/09/2013)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Jockey Club training and race centre, Ankara
Date of start of the outbreak 11/07/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (24/08/2013)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 10 10 0 0 0
Affected population Some vaccinated thoroughbred horses which were suffering from pyrexia, mild coughing and mucoid nasal discharge were sent to the Hospital of the Jockey Club training and race centre of Ankara. They were from different stables in the area, but immediately isolated in the quarantine stable. All horse movements into and out of the training centre were prohibited.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 10 10 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Equidae 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Veterinarians in the equine hospital think that the vaccine may be ineffective because horses are kept going with very heavy exercises after vaccination. Note by the OIE Animal Health Information Department: - Turkey has not provided any information to the OIE on equine influenza since at least 1996. - Since this is the first time that equine influenza is identified in the history of the country, the reason for notification as first occurrence applies to the country but the event is in fact circumscribed to a zone.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • Treatment of affected animals (antibiotics and antipyretics)
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Irish Equine Center (OIE Reference Laboratory) Equidae reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/07/2013 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations