MERS-CoV,
Qatar
Information received on 28/11/2013 from Dr Kassem Nasser Al-Qahtani, Director of Dept of Animal resources, Ministry of Environment, Department of Animal resources, DOHA, Qatar
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 14/10/2013
Date of confirmation of the event 26/11/2013
Report date 28/11/2013
Date submitted to OIE 28/11/2013
Date event resolved 08/04/2019
Reason for notification Emerging disease
Morbidity 3/21.4 %
Mortality 0 %
Zoonotic impact Asymptomatic exposure of camel to MERS-CoV (laboratory advanced) and one outbreak in a specific zone (Shahanya)
Causal agent MERS-CoV
Related reports Immediate notification (28/11/2013)
Follow-up report No. 1 (29/12/2013)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/04/2014)
Follow-up report No. 3 (09/06/2014)
Follow-up report No. 4 (08/04/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Al-Shahanya, Al-Shahanya, Ar Rayyan, Ar Rayyan
Date of start of the outbreak 14/10/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (08/04/2019)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 14 3 0 0 0
Affected population Small farm with 14 camels, one sheep, one pigeon cage and some chicken.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 14 3 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Camelidae 21.43% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The health authority in Qatar notified the presence of a confirmed human MERS-CoV (Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus) case. A joint team from both health and veterinary authorities was sent to the patient farm to investigate the health status of animals and the contact person. A farm worker proved to be positive for MERS-CoV and samples were collected from the 14 existing camels in addition to one sheep, some pigeons and chickens and some environmental samples (water, soil, animal food and grass) and all were sent to the Netherlands for testing. All animals were kept under observation and quarantine and all were apparently healthy.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Zoning
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Screening
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Erasmus Medical Center (Rotterdam) and National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Bilthoven), the Netherlands (OIE Reference Laboratory) Camelidae polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 26/11/2013 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations