Bluetongue,
Romania
Information received on 24/08/2014 from Dr Cristian Duicu, Director General, National Veterinary and Food Safety Authority for General Sanitary Veterinary Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Bucharest , Romania
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 14/08/2014
Date of confirmation of the event 22/08/2014
Report date 24/08/2014
Date submitted to OIE 24/08/2014
Date event resolved 02/12/2014
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (24/08/2014)
Follow-up report No. 1 (26/08/2014)
Follow-up report No. 2 (27/08/2014)
Follow-up report No. 3 (01/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 4 (02/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 5 (03/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 6 (05/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 7 (08/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 8 (09/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 9 (11/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 10 (22/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 11 (23/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 12 (24/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 13 (26/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 14 (29/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 15 (30/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 16 (02/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 17 (03/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 18 (06/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 19 (07/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 20 (08/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 21 (10/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 22 (20/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 23 (21/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 24 (22/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 25 (27/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 26 (30/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 27 (04/11/2014)
Follow-up report No. 28 (07/11/2014)
Follow-up report No. 29 (10/11/2014)
Follow-up report No. 30 (13/11/2014)
Follow-up report No. 31 (25/11/2014)
Follow-up report No. 32 (28/11/2014)
Follow-up report No. 33 (02/12/2014)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 Sarulesti, Sarulesti, Sarulesti, Buzau
Date of start of the outbreak 14/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (02/12/2014)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 75 20 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 (1) Sindrila, Sindrila, Bisoca, Buzau
Date of start of the outbreak 14/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (02/12/2014)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 3 1 0 0 0
Outbreak 3 Sarile, Bisoca, Beceni, Buzau
Date of start of the outbreak 15/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (02/12/2014)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 9 1 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 87 22 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 25.29% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Epidemiological investigation is ongoing. Note by the OIE Animal Health Information Department: Since this is the first time that bluetongue is identified in the history of the country, the reason for notification as first occurrence applies to the country but the event is in fact circumscribed to a zone.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
LSV, Buzau (Local laboratory) Cattle antibody detection ELISA 22/08/2014 Positive
Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (IDAH) (National laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 22/08/2014 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations