Infection with coronavirus in camels,
Iran
Information received on 29/10/2014 from Dr Mehdi Khalaj, Head of IVO, Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO), Iran Veterinary Organization, Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Tehran, Iran
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 18/10/2014
Date of confirmation of the event 18/10/2014
Report date 28/10/2014
Date submitted to OIE 29/10/2014
Date event resolved 25/07/2015
Reason for notification Emerging disease
Morbidity 15 %
Mortality 0 %
Zoonotic impact Related to MERS coronavirus
Causal agent Coronavirus
Related reports Immediate notification (28/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 1 (13/12/2014)
Follow-up report No. 2 (25/07/2015)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Quarantine station, Zabol, Zabol, Sistan&Baluchestan
Date of start of the outbreak 18/10/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (25/07/2015)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 18 3 0 0 0
Affected population Confiscated camels illegally imported from Pakistan.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 18 3 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Camelidae 16.67% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments Nasal and mouth swabs were taken from confiscated camels (illegally imported from Pakistan) and tested in the Central Veterinary Laboratory. Camels are kept in a quarantine station. Second nasal swabs samples will be taken on 8 November 2014.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Quarantine
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory of Iran Veterinary Organization (National laboratory) Camelidae reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 18/10/2014 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations