Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Palestinian Auton. Territories
Information received on 15/08/2015 from Dr Imad Mukarkar, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services & Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture, Ramallah, Palestinian Auton. Territories
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 12/04/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 12/04/2015
Report date 14/08/2015
Date submitted to OIE 15/08/2015
Date event resolved 22/12/2015
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 24/03/2015
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (14/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (15/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (03/11/2015)
Follow-up report No. 3 (18/01/2016)
New outbreaks (6)
Outbreak cluster 1 Gaza Strip, Gaza, Jabalia, Rafah, Khanyounes, Biet Lahia, The Midle, Gaza Strip (6 outbreaks)
Date of start of the outbreak 12/04/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (22/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 59638 16761 9808 42877
Affected population The infected population includes many kinds of birds especially ducks, and some other kinds like layers, Bulgarian hens and pigeons. Birds are raised in farms or backyards. About 604,120 birdsí eggs, and about 14,150 birds from the outbreak, susceptible or nearby the infected area have been destroyed.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 6
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 59638 16761 9808 42877
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 28.10% 16.45% 58.52% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The relationship between the cases could not be determined due to the situation in Gaza Strip.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Stamping out
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Dipping / Spraying for control of vectors or parasites
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Screening
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central veterinary laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 12/04/2015 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 13/04/2015 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations