Rabbit haemorrhagic disease,
Benin
Information received on 18/11/2015 from Dr Byll Orou Kperou Gado, Directeur de l'Elevage, Direction de l'Elevage, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Elevage et de la Pêche, Cotonou, Benin
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 15/07/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 10/11/2015
Report date 18/11/2015
Date submitted to OIE 18/11/2015
Date event resolved 15/03/2016
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 17/08/1995
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (Fra2010)
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (18/11/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (15/03/2016)
New outbreaks (4)
Outbreak 1 Boudarou, 1er Arrondissement, Parakou, Parakou
Date of start of the outbreak 15/07/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (20/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 61 12 12 49 0
Outbreak 2 Guéma, 3ème Arrondissement, Parakou, Parakou
Date of start of the outbreak 15/07/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (20/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 75 67 67 8 0
Outbreak 3 Adjarra, Adjarra, Adjarra, Adjara
Date of start of the outbreak 27/08/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (20/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 2013 1920 786 1227 0
Outbreak 4 Avrankou, Avrankou, Avrankou, Avrankou
Date of start of the outbreak 08/09/2015
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 385 275 275 110 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 2534 2274 1140 1394 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Rabbits 89.74% 44.99% 50.13% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Introduction of new live animals
  • Illegal movement of animals
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Stamping out
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Lombardy and Emilia Romagna Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (OIE Reference Laboratory) Rabbits competitive ELISA (c-ELISA) 10/11/2015 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations