MERS-CoV,
Saudi Arabia
Information received on 28/01/2016 from Mr Abdulghani Y. M. Al Fadhl, Director General, Animal and Plant Quarantine Department, Ministry of Agriculture, RIYADH, Saudi Arabia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 29/12/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 20/01/2016
Report date 28/01/2016
Date submitted to OIE 28/01/2016
Reason for notification Emerging disease
Morbidity 2.36 %
Mortality 0 %
Zoonotic impact No
Causal agent MERS-CoV
Related reports Immediate notification (28/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (11/04/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (16/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 3 (12/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 4 (21/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 5 (20/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 6 (08/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 7 (03/12/2018)
Follow-up report No. 8 (04/03/2019)
Follow-up report No. 9 (17/03/2019)
Follow-up report No. 10 (02/04/2019)
Follow-up report No. 11 (25/09/2019)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Jeddah, Makkah
Date of start of the outbreak 29/12/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (08/09/2019)
Epidemiological unit Livestock market
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 465 11 0 0 0
Affected population Livestock market in Jeddah
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 465 11 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Camelidae 2.37% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Riyadh (National laboratory) Camelidae enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 20/01/2016 Positive
Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Riyadh (National laboratory) Camelidae real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 20/01/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations