Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Nigeria
Information received on 29/02/2016 from Dr Gideon Mbursa Mshelbwala, Director, Veterinary Services, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, ABUJA, Nigeria
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 31
Date of start of the event 02/01/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 08/01/2015
Report date 29/02/2016
Date submitted to OIE 29/02/2016
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 27/07/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (09/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (16/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (23/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 3 (02/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 4 (19/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 5 (02/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 6 (13/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 7 (22/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 8 (07/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 9 (04/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 10 (26/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 11 (14/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 12 (19/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 13 (08/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 14 (16/11/2015)
Follow-up report No. 15 (15/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 16 (04/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 17 (11/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 18 (13/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 19 (19/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 20 (21/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 21 (25/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 22 (26/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 23 (02/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 24 (04/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 25 (08/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 26 (09/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 27 (11/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 28 (15/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 29 (17/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 30 (22/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 31 (29/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 32 (04/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 33 (07/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 34 (08/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 35 (14/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 36 (20/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 37 (29/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 38 (03/04/2016)
Follow-up report No. 39 (06/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 40 (09/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 41 (27/09/2016)
Follow-up report No. 42 (09/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 43 (28/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 44 (06/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 45 (13/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 46 (21/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 47 (03/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 48 (13/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 49 (20/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 50 (29/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 51 (04/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 52 (10/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 53 (24/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 54 (08/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 55 (02/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 56 (15/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 57 (28/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 58 (18/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 59 (02/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 60 (07/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 61 (19/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 62 (03/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 63 (30/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 64 (13/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 65 (27/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 66 (09/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 67 (02/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 68 (17/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 69 (15/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 70 (21/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 71 (05/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 72 (04/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 73 (03/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 74 (15/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 75 (27/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 76 (15/04/2019)
Follow-up report No. 77 (10/07/2019)
Follow-up report No. 78 (25/07/2019)
Follow-up report No. 79 (28/08/2019)
Follow-up report No. 80 (16/12/2019)
New outbreaks (7)
Outbreak 1 Tarauni, Tarauni, Kano
Date of start of the outbreak 20/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (26/02/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2017 45 45 1972 0
Affected population 31 weeks old layers
Outbreak 2 Gwale, Gwale, Kano
Date of start of the outbreak 22/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (26/02/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1040 35 35 1005 0
Affected population 38 weeks old layers
Outbreak 3 Kumbotso, Kumbotso, Kano
Date of start of the outbreak 22/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (26/02/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 300 60 60 240 0
Affected population 28 weeks old layers
Outbreak 4 Rantya, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 22/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (26/02/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1078 41 41 1037 0
Affected population 5 and 56 weeks old layers
Outbreak 5 Kabusa, AMAC, Federal Capital Territory
Date of start of the outbreak 24/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (29/02/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 5799 954 954 4845 0
Affected population 5, 6 and 45 weeks old poultry
Outbreak 6 Kaduna, Kaduna North, Kaduna
Date of start of the outbreak 24/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (26/02/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2886 366 366 2520 0
Affected population Layers of unknown age
Outbreak 7 Dadin Kowa, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 27/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (29/02/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1050 570 570 480 0
Affected population Pullets of 53 weeks old
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 7
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 14170 2071 2071 12099 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 14.62% 14.62% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Poor farm biosecurity
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Stamping out
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Traceability
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 26/02/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 26/02/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 26/02/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 26/02/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 26/02/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 29/02/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 29/02/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations