Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Nigeria
Information received on 14/03/2016 from Dr Gideon Mbursa Mshelbwala, Director, Veterinary Services, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, ABUJA, Nigeria
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 35
Date of start of the event 02/01/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 08/01/2015
Report date 14/03/2016
Date submitted to OIE 14/03/2016
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 27/07/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (09/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (16/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (23/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 3 (02/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 4 (19/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 5 (02/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 6 (13/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 7 (22/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 8 (07/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 9 (04/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 10 (26/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 11 (14/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 12 (19/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 13 (08/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 14 (16/11/2015)
Follow-up report No. 15 (15/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 16 (04/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 17 (11/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 18 (13/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 19 (19/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 20 (21/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 21 (25/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 22 (26/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 23 (02/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 24 (04/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 25 (08/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 26 (09/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 27 (11/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 28 (15/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 29 (17/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 30 (22/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 31 (29/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 32 (04/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 33 (07/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 34 (08/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 35 (14/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 36 (20/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 37 (29/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 38 (03/04/2016)
Follow-up report No. 39 (06/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 40 (09/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 41 (27/09/2016)
Follow-up report No. 42 (09/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 43 (28/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 44 (06/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 45 (13/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 46 (21/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 47 (03/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 48 (13/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 49 (20/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 50 (29/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 51 (04/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 52 (10/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 53 (24/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 54 (08/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 55 (02/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 56 (15/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 57 (28/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 58 (18/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 59 (02/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 60 (07/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 61 (19/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 62 (03/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 63 (30/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 64 (13/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 65 (27/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 66 (09/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 67 (02/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 68 (17/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 69 (15/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 70 (21/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 71 (05/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 72 (04/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 73 (03/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 74 (15/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 75 (27/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 76 (15/04/2019)
Follow-up report No. 77 (10/07/2019)
Follow-up report No. 78 (25/07/2019)
Follow-up report No. 79 (28/08/2019)
New outbreaks (14)
Outbreak 1 Dawakin Kudu, Dawakin Kudu, Kano
Date of start of the outbreak 01/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (10/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 270 29 29 241 0
Affected population 44 weeks old layers
Outbreak 2 Gezawa, Gezawa, Kano
Date of start of the outbreak 02/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (10/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1350 220 220 1130 0
Affected population 22 weeks old layers
Outbreak 3 Ungogo, Ungogo, Kano
Date of start of the outbreak 02/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (10/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 77 15 15 62 0
Affected population Different species of birds (local chickens, Guinea fowls and Turkeys) kept in the same environment.
Outbreak 4 Ungogo, Ungogo, Kano
Date of start of the outbreak 04/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (10/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 111 28 28 83 0
Affected population 28 weeks old layers
Outbreak 5 Dawakin Tofa, Dawakin Tofa, Kano
Date of start of the outbreak 06/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (10/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2050 62 62 1988 0
Affected population 21 weeks old layers
Outbreak 6 Lere, Lere, Kaduna
Date of start of the outbreak 06/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 3500 80 80 3420 0
Affected population 36 and 96 weeks old layers
Outbreak 7 Ranya Lowcost, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 07/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 845 20 20 825 0
Affected population 38 weeks old layers
Outbreak 8 Rantya, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 07/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1520 105 105 1415 0
Affected population 31 weeks old layers
Outbreak 9 Rantya, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 07/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 970 100 100 870 0
Affected population 48 weeks old layers
Outbreak 10 Ranya Lowcost, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 07/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 517 26 26 491 0
Affected population 14 weeks old layers
Outbreak 11 Jos, Jos North, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 07/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (10/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 800 130 130 670 0
Affected population Pullets of unknown age
Outbreak 12 Jos, Jos North, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 08/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (10/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 850 11 11 839 0
Affected population 44 weeks old layers
Outbreak 13 Rantiya low cost, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 09/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (11/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 380 60 60 320 0
Affected population 27 weeks old layers
Outbreak 14 Rantiya low cost, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 09/03/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (11/03/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 465 7 7 458 0
Affected population 19 weeks old layers
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 14
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 13705 893 893 12812 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 6.52% 6.52% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Poor farm biosecurity
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Stamping out
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Traceability
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 09/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 09/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 09/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 09/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 09/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 11/03/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 11/03/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations