Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Iraq
Information received on 25/04/2016 from Dr Salah Fadhil Abbas, Director General, Veterinary Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture , Baghdad, Iraq
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 16/12/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 15/04/2016
Report date 25/04/2016
Date submitted to OIE 25/04/2016
Date event resolved 07/05/2016
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 18/01/2006
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (25/04/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (04/05/2016)
New outbreaks (6)
Outbreak 1 (1) Sumel, Duhouk
Date of start of the outbreak 16/12/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (14/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 685975 64500 64500 621475 0
Outbreak 2 (2) Sangasar, Sulaimaniya
Date of start of the outbreak 17/12/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (14/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 124 101 101 23 0
Outbreak 3 (3) Al-badiar, Al-Qadisiya
Date of start of the outbreak 25/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (02/02/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 6000 1200 1200 4800 0
Outbreak 4 Al-badiar, Al-Qadisiya
Date of start of the outbreak 25/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (02/02/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 7000 800 800 6200 0
Outbreak 5 (4) Tarmyiah, Baghdad
Date of start of the outbreak 02/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (02/05/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 9500 5500 5500 4000 0
Outbreak 6 (5) Khalis, Jadid Al-Shatt, Diala
Date of start of the outbreak 07/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (07/05/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 10000 5000 5000 5000 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 6
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 718599 77101 77101 641498 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 10.73% 10.73% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Zoning
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Stamping out
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Traceability
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Screening
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Duhuk Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 31/12/2015 Positive
Erbil Central Veterinary Laboratory (Local laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 03/01/2016 Positive
Baghdad Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 11/02/2016 Positive
Weybridge Laboratory (OIE Reference Laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 15/04/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations