Rabbit haemorrhagic disease,
Cote D'Ivoire
Information received on 30/08/2016 from Dre Diarra Cissé, Directrice, Services Vétérinaires, Ministère des Ressources Animales et Halieutiques, Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 13/02/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 05/04/2016
Report date 30/08/2016
Date submitted to OIE 30/08/2016
Date event resolved 30/08/2016
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Calicivirus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (5)
Outbreak 1 Konoroba, Korhogo
Date of start of the outbreak 13/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (30/08/2016)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Leporidae (unidentified):Leporidae (incognita)(Leporidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 2 Sinématiali, Korhogo
Date of start of the outbreak 13/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (30/08/2016)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 2 2 2 0 0
Leporidae (unidentified):Leporidae (incognita)(Leporidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 3 Dianra, Korhogo
Date of start of the outbreak 13/02/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (30/08/2016)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Leporidae (unidentified):Leporidae (incognita)(Leporidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 4 Bingerville, Abidjan
Date of start of the outbreak 13/05/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (30/08/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 30 25 12 18 0
Outbreak 5 Adzopé, Agboville
Date of start of the outbreak 16/05/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (30/08/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Rabbits 25 19 7 18 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 5
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Leporidae (unidentified):Leporidae (incognita)(Leporidae) 3 3 0 0
Rabbits 57 46 21 36 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Leporidae (unidentified):Leporidae (incognita)(Leporidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Rabbits 80.70% 36.84% 45.65% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Dans le département de Korhogo, les lièvres et les lapins ont été découverts morts. Les carcasses présentaient des signes de convulsion, de polyurie et d’épistaxis. Concernant Abidjan et Agboville, ce sont des fermes de reproducteurs qui ont été touchées. Les signes cliniques les plus rencontrés sont : manque d’appétit, mortalités subites précédées d’une prostration et de difficultés respiratoires. Quelques cas d’épistaxis ont été également observés. A l’autopsie, il a été noté une hépatique nécrosante, des pétéchies dans la trachée-artère et une pneumopathie plus ou moins hémorragique.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Stamping out
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Laboratoire National d’Appui au Développement Agricole (LANADA) (National laboratory) Rabbits 30/04/2016 Positive
Laboratoire National d’Appui au Développement Agricole (LANADA) (National laboratory) Rabbits real-time PCR 05/04/2016 Positive
Laboratoire National d’Appui au Développement Agricole (LANADA) (National laboratory) Rabbits real-time PCR 30/04/2016 Positive
Laboratoire National d’Appui au Développement Agricole (LANADA) (National laboratory) Leporidae (unidentified) real-time PCR 05/04/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations