Bluetongue,
Italy
Information received on 08/09/2016 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 30/08/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 01/09/2016
Report date 08/09/2016
Date submitted to OIE 08/09/2016
Date event resolved 02/02/2018
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype 4
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (08/09/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (28/09/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (04/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 3 (11/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 4 (17/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 5 (24/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 6 (03/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 7 (10/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 8 (14/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 9 (21/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 10 (28/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 11 (20/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 12 (21/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 13 (17/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 14 (30/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 15 (08/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 16 (21/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 17 (03/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 18 (14/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 19 (20/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 20 (23/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 21 (26/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 22 (02/02/2018)
New outbreaks (8)
Outbreak 1 (BTV4_1) BELLUNO, Alano di Piave, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 30/08/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 500 3
Affected population The positivity regards 3 ewes belonging to a group of animals on pasture
Outbreak 2 (BTV4_2) TREVISO, Pederobba, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 3 1
Outbreak 3 (BTV4_3) BELLUNO, Alano di Piave, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 5 1
Outbreak 4 (BTV4_4) TREVISO, Monfumo, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 05/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 45 5
Outbreak 5 (BTV4_6) BELLUNO, Fonzaso, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 05/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 15 1
Outbreak 6 (BTV4_7) BELLUNO, Alano di Piave, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 05/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 40 1
Outbreak 7 (BTV4_5) TREVISO, Cavaso del Tomba, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 06/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 40 1
Outbreak 8 (BTV4_8) BELLUNO, Alano di Piave, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 07/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 10 2 2
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 8
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 658 15 2
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Sheep 2.28% ** ** **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Vectors
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Sheep polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 01/09/2016 Positive
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Sheep polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 07/09/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations