Bluetongue,
Italy
Information received on 08/09/2016 from Dr Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 30/08/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 01/09/2016
Report date 08/09/2016
Date submitted to OIE 08/09/2016
Date event resolved 02/02/2018
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype 4
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (08/09/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (28/09/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (04/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 3 (11/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 4 (17/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 5 (24/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 6 (03/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 7 (10/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 8 (14/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 9 (21/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 10 (28/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 11 (20/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 12 (21/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 13 (17/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 14 (30/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 15 (08/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 16 (21/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 17 (03/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 18 (14/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 19 (20/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 20 (23/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 21 (26/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 22 (02/02/2018)
New outbreaks (8)
Outbreak 1 (BTV4_1) BELLUNO, Alano di Piave, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 30/08/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 500 3
Affected population The positivity regards 3 ewes belonging to a group of animals on pasture
Outbreak 2 (BTV4_2) TREVISO, Pederobba, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 3 1
Outbreak 3 (BTV4_3) BELLUNO, Alano di Piave, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 5 1
Outbreak 4 (BTV4_4) TREVISO, Monfumo, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 05/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 45 5
Outbreak 5 (BTV4_6) BELLUNO, Fonzaso, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 05/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 15 1
Outbreak 6 (BTV4_7) BELLUNO, Alano di Piave, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 05/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 40 1
Outbreak 7 (BTV4_5) TREVISO, Cavaso del Tomba, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 06/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 40 1
Outbreak 8 (BTV4_8) BELLUNO, Alano di Piave, Veneto
Date of start of the outbreak 07/09/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 10 2 2
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 8
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 658 15 2
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Sheep 2.28% ** ** **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Vectors
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Sheep polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 01/09/2016 Positive
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Sheep polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 07/09/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations