Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Algeria
Information received on 02/11/2016 from Dr Ahmed Chawky Karim Boughalem, Directeur des Services Vétérinaires, Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l'Agriculture du Développement Rural et de la Pêche, Alger, Algeria
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 20/10/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 30/10/2016
Report date 02/11/2016
Date submitted to OIE 02/11/2016
Date event resolved 19/01/2017
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H7N1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (02/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (10/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (20/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 3 (27/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 4 (05/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 5 (13/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 6 (25/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 7 (08/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 8 (19/01/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Sabkhat el Malah, El Menia, El Menia, Ghardaia
Date of start of the outbreak 20/10/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (19/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) 4 4 0 0
Ferruginous Pochard:Aythya nyroca(Anatidae) 11 11 0 0
Grey Heron:Ardea cinerea(Ardeidae) 1 1 0 0
Black-winged Stilt:Himantopus himantopus(Charadriidae) 17 17 0 0
Common Coot:Fulica atra(Rallidae) 70 70 0 0
Northern Shoveler:Anas clypeata(Anatidae) 150 150 0 0
Common Teal:Anas crecca(Anatidae) 55 55 0 0
Gadwall:Anas strepera(Anatidae) 9 9 0 0
Ruddy Shelduck:Tadorna ferruginea(Anatidae) 658 658 0 0
Little Egret:Egretta garzetta(Ardeidae) 45 45 0 0
Little ringed plover:Charadrius dubius(Charadriidae) 2 2 0 0
Common Moorhen:Gallinula chloropus(Rallidae) 25 25 0 0
Ruff:Philomachus pugnax(Scolopacidae) 1 1 0 0
Wood Sandpiper:Tringa glareola(Scolopacidae) 4 4 0 0
Green Sandpiper:Tringa ochropus(Scolopacidae) 1 1 0 0
Glossy Ibis:Plegadis falcinellus(Threskiornithidae) 4 4 0 0
Marbled teal:Marmaronetta angustirostris(Anatidae) 220 220 0 0
Laridae (unidentified):Laridae (incognita)(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Eurasian Spoonbill:Platalea leucorodia(Threskiornithidae) 1 1 0 0
Pied avocet:Recurvirostra avosetta(Recurvirostridae) 9 9 0 0
Little stint:Calidris minuta(Scolopacidae) 5 5 0 0
Common ringed plover:Charadrius hiaticula(Charadriidae) 4 4 0 0
Kentish plover:Charadrius alexandrinus(Charadriidae) 3 3 0 0
Affected population Migratory birds found dead in a wetland in El Menia, Sabkhat el Malah.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) 4 4 0 0
Ferruginous Pochard:Aythya nyroca(Anatidae) 11 11 0 0
Grey Heron:Ardea cinerea(Ardeidae) 1 1 0 0
Black-winged Stilt:Himantopus himantopus(Charadriidae) 17 17 0 0
Common Coot:Fulica atra(Rallidae) 70 70 0 0
Northern Shoveler:Anas clypeata(Anatidae) 150 150 0 0
Common Teal:Anas crecca(Anatidae) 55 55 0 0
Gadwall:Anas strepera(Anatidae) 9 9 0 0
Ruddy Shelduck:Tadorna ferruginea(Anatidae) 658 658 0 0
Little Egret:Egretta garzetta(Ardeidae) 45 45 0 0
Little ringed plover:Charadrius dubius(Charadriidae) 2 2 0 0
Common Moorhen:Gallinula chloropus(Rallidae) 25 25 0 0
Ruff:Philomachus pugnax(Scolopacidae) 1 1 0 0
Wood Sandpiper:Tringa glareola(Scolopacidae) 4 4 0 0
Green Sandpiper:Tringa ochropus(Scolopacidae) 1 1 0 0
Glossy Ibis:Plegadis falcinellus(Threskiornithidae) 4 4 0 0
Marbled teal:Marmaronetta angustirostris(Anatidae) 220 220 0 0
Laridae (unidentified):Laridae (incognita)(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Eurasian Spoonbill:Platalea leucorodia(Threskiornithidae) 1 1 0 0
Pied avocet:Recurvirostra avosetta(Recurvirostridae) 9 9 0 0
Little stint:Calidris minuta(Scolopacidae) 5 5 0 0
Common ringed plover:Charadrius hiaticula(Charadriidae) 4 4 0 0
Kentish plover:Charadrius alexandrinus(Charadriidae) 3 3 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Ferruginous Pochard:Aythya nyroca(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Grey Heron:Ardea cinerea(Ardeidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Black-winged Stilt:Himantopus himantopus(Charadriidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Common Coot:Fulica atra(Rallidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Northern Shoveler:Anas clypeata(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Common Teal:Anas crecca(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Gadwall:Anas strepera(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Ruddy Shelduck:Tadorna ferruginea(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Little Egret:Egretta garzetta(Ardeidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Little ringed plover:Charadrius dubius(Charadriidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Common Moorhen:Gallinula chloropus(Rallidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Ruff:Philomachus pugnax(Scolopacidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Wood Sandpiper:Tringa glareola(Scolopacidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Green Sandpiper:Tringa ochropus(Scolopacidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Glossy Ibis:Plegadis falcinellus(Threskiornithidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Marbled teal:Marmaronetta angustirostris(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Laridae (unidentified):Laridae (incognita)(Laridae) ** ** 100.00% **
Eurasian Spoonbill:Platalea leucorodia(Threskiornithidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Pied avocet:Recurvirostra avosetta(Recurvirostridae) ** ** 100.00% **
Little stint:Calidris minuta(Scolopacidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Common ringed plover:Charadrius hiaticula(Charadriidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Kentish plover:Charadrius alexandrinus(Charadriidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Animals in transit
  • Contact with wild species
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Veterinary central laboratory (National laboratory) Unidentified polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 30/10/2016 Positive
Veterinary central laboratory (National laboratory) Unidentified polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 31/10/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations