Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Switzerland
Information received on 16/11/2016 from Mr Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, LIEBEFELD BERNE, Switzerland
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 05/11/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 09/11/2016
Report date 16/11/2016
Date submitted to OIE 16/11/2016
Date event resolved 22/03/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 02/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (16/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 3 (29/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 4 (07/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 5 (14/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 6 (21/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 7 (27/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 8 (11/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 9 (20/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 10 (25/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 11 (01/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 12 (07/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 13 (15/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 14 (22/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 15 (01/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 16 (08/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 17 (15/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 18 (22/03/2017)
New outbreaks (22)
Outbreak 1 (HPAI_2016_1) Lake Constance, Eschenz, Frauenfeld, Thurgau
Date of start of the outbreak 07/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 2 (HPAI_2016_1) Lake Constance, Stein am Rhein, Stein, Schaffhausen
Date of start of the outbreak 07/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
Outbreak 3 (HPAI_2016_1) Lake Constance, Kreuzlingen, Kreuzlingen, Thurgau
Date of start of the outbreak 07/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 4 (HPAI_2016_1) Lake Constance, Steckborn, Frauenfeld, Thurgau
Date of start of the outbreak 09/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 5 (HPAI_2016_1) Lake Constance, Schaffhausen, Schaffhausen, Schaffhausen
Date of start of the outbreak 09/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
Outbreak 6 (HPAI_2016_1) Lake Constance, Romanshorn, Arbon, Thurgau
Date of start of the outbreak 09/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 7 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac Leman, Lausanne, Lausanne, Vaud
Date of start of the outbreak 10/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Black-headed Gull:Larus ridibundus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 8 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac Leman, Morges, Morges, Vaud
Date of start of the outbreak 11/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Red-crested Pochard:Netta rufina(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 9 (HPAI_2016_1) Lake Constance, Tägerwilen, Kreuzlingen, Thurgau
Date of start of the outbreak 11/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 10 (HPAI_2016_1) Lake Constance, Eschenz, Frauenfeld, Thurgau
Date of start of the outbreak 12/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Outbreak 11 (HPAI_2016_1) Bielersee, Täuffelen, Seeland, Bern
Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Black-headed Gull:Larus ridibundus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 12 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac de Neuchâtel, Hauterive, Neuchâtel, Neuchatel
Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Great Crested Grebe:Podiceps cristatus(Podicipedidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 13 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac de Neuchâtel, Estavayer-le-Lac, Broye, Fribourg
Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Outbreak 14 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac de Neuchâtel, Yvonand, Jura-Nord vaudois, Vaud
Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Black-headed Gull:Larus ridibundus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 15 (HPAI_2016_1) Bielersee, Biel, Biel, Bern
Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 16 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac de Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Neuchatel
Date of start of the outbreak 13/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Herring Gull:Larus argentatus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 17 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac Leman, Saint-Sulpice, Ouest lausannois, Vaud
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Common Pochard:Aythya ferina(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 18 (HPAI_2016_1) Lake Constance, Tägerwilen, Kreuzlingen, Thurgau
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Great Crested Grebe:Podiceps cristatus(Podicipedidae) 1 1 0 0
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 19 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac de Neuchâtel, St Blaise, Neuchâtel, Neuchatel
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 20 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac de Neuchâtel, Portalban, Broye, Fribourg
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Herring Gull:Larus argentatus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 21 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac de Neuchâtel, Hauterive, Neuchâtel, Neuchatel
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 22 (HPAI_2016_1) Lac Leman, Lausanne, Lausanne, Vaud
Date of start of the outbreak 14/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/03/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Black-headed Gull:Larus ridibundus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 22
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) 20 20 0 0
Black-headed Gull:Larus ridibundus(Laridae) 4 4 0 0
Red-crested Pochard:Netta rufina(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Great Crested Grebe:Podiceps cristatus(Podicipedidae) 2 2 0 0
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Herring Gull:Larus argentatus(Laridae) 2 2 0 0
Common Pochard:Aythya ferina(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Tufted Duck:Aythya fuligula(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Black-headed Gull:Larus ridibundus(Laridae) ** ** 100.00% **
Red-crested Pochard:Netta rufina(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Great Crested Grebe:Podiceps cristatus(Podicipedidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Herring Gull:Larus argentatus(Laridae) ** ** 100.00% **
Common Pochard:Aythya ferina(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) Anatidae (unidentified) reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/11/2016 Positive
National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) Black-headed Gull reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/11/2016 Positive
National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) Common Pochard reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/11/2016 Positive
National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) Great Crested Grebe reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/11/2016 Positive
National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) Herring Gull reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/11/2016 Positive
National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) Mute Swan reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/11/2016 Positive
National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) Red-crested Pochard reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/11/2016 Positive
National Reference Centre for Diseases of Poultry and Rabbits (NRGK) (National laboratory) Tufted Duck reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/11/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations